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History of the Internet

The Internet is the worldwide, publicly accessible network of interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using the standard Internet Protocol (IP). It is a network that consists of millions of smaller domestic, academic, business, and government networks, which together carry various information and services, such as e-mail, instant messaging, file transfer, and the interlinked We pages and other documents of the World Wide Web. The history of the internet really goes back to 1958 with the creation of the satellite system, sputnik, designed by the the Advanced Research Projects Agency, or ARPA, later known as the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA. The ARPA lead to the creation the Information Processing Technology Office, IPTO, to further the research of the Semi Automatic Ground Environment, or SAGE, program. The sage program contributed to the history of the internet with networked country-wide radar systems for the first time. Then J. C. R. Licklider was selected to head the IPTO, and saw universal networking as a potential unifying human revolution. Licklider became a Vice President at BBN, where he bought the first production PDP-1 computer and conducted the first public demonstration of time-sharing.

It wasn't until January 1, 1983 that the first TCP/IP wide area network was operational, when the United States' National Science Foundation (NSF) constructed a university network backbone that would later become the NSFNet. Most consider this to be the birth date of the internet. Soon after new networks emerged, like Usenet, Bitnet, or Sprintnet. The network then gained a public face in the 1990's. On August 6, 1991 CERN, which straddles the border between France and Switzerland, publicized the new World Wide Web project. This is two years after Tim Berners-Le had begun creating HTML, HTTP and the first few Web pages at CERN. The history of the internet goes back much further than one may have believed, this is because of the huge delay in the availability to the general public. So it really is not a relatively new technology.