Print this pageHistorical Text Archive © 1990 - 2013
© 2001 Donald J. Mabry
1810-1811 Independence movement of Miguel Hidalgo crushed
1811-1815 Independence movement of José Maria Morelos crushed
1815-1829 Independence movement as guerrilla activity
1820 Conservatives choose Agustín de Iturbide to lead independence
1821 Independence effected by Iturbide
1821-22 Provisional government of Iturbide
1822-23 Emperor Agustín Iturbide I
1823 Loss of Guatemala and Central America
1824 Federal republican government established under new constitution
1824-28 Presidency of Guadalupe Hidalgo
1825 Joel Poinsett arrives as U.S. representative
Freemasonry in politics
1827 Expulsion of Spanish
Nicolas Bravo revolt suppressed
1828 Ultraconservative Anastasio Bustamante steals election and takes reprisals against the losers (Liberals). Liberal revolt (1828-29).
1829 Vicente Guerrero president
Spanish invade Tampico
1830 Bustamante overthrows government; becomes dictator
1831 Guerrero captured and executed
1832 Antonio López de Santa Anna drives Bustamante from Mexico City; "elected" President with Valentin Gómez Farías as VP.
1832-34 Gómez Farías usually acting president
1833 Laws of '33--liberal legislation.
1834 Santa Anna retakes presidency; rules as a centralist dictator
1835-36 Texas rebellion against centralism
1836 Santa Anna exiled. New centralist constitution.
1837 Bustamante president. Santa Anna returns.
1838 French "Pastry War" in Veracruz. Santa Anna loses leg.
1840 Liberal rebellion fails.
1841 Conservative rebellion succeeds. Santa Anna as dictator.
1842 Santa Anna retires to his hacienda; Nicolas Bravo in charge. New centralist constitution.
1843 Santa Anna chosen president.
1844 Revolt forces Santa Anna into exile again.
1845 U.S. annexes Texas. General Mariano Paredes overthrows government.
1846 War between Mexico and the United States begins. Paredes overthrown.
Gómez Farías as acting president. U.S. helps Santa Anna to return.
Santa Anna becomes president.
1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Santa Anna into exile. Liberal General José Joaquin Herrera becomes president
1851 Honest election brings Mariano Arista to power
1853 Conservative and clerical forces overthrow Arista and bring back Santa Anna, who then sells the Mesilla Valley (Gadsden Purchase)
1854-55 Liberal Revolution of Ayutla. Juan Alvarez as acting president but resigns in favor of Ignacio Comonfort
1856-57 Liberal Reform Laws
1858-61 War of the Reform
1861 Juárez returns to Mexico City. United Kingdom, France, and Spain take Veracruz. British and Spanish withdraw.
1862-67 French Intervention
1864-67 Maximiliano Hapsburg as Emperor of Mexico