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Spain & Portugal Chronology: Latin American Colonial Period

SPAIN

1469--Marriage of Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragón
1474--Introduction of printing to Peninsula at Valencia
1478--New Inquisition installed at Castille
1492--Jews expelled from Castille and Aragon
1492--Columbus arrives in New World
1494--Treaty of Tordesillas delineating Spanish and Portuguese overseas territory
1516--Charles I of Flanders becomes King of Spain, House of Hapsburg; unites Castille and Aragon
1519--Charles I is elected Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
1519-1522--Cortes overthrows Aztec empire and adds New Spain to Spanish crown
1520-1523--Revolt of the communeros in Spain, Charles reduces town power
1527--sack of Roma by Imperial troops
1517--Martin Luther begins Protestant Reformation
1531-34--Pizarro overthrows Inca Empire, New Castille
1539--Ignatius Loyola founds Society of Jesus (Jesuits)
1545--discovery of silver mountain of Potosí
1545-52--Council of Trent initiates the Counter or Catholic Reformation
1554--Philip of Spain marries Mary Tudor
1555-58--successive abdications of Charles, leaving Low Countries and Italian dependencies to Spain, German empire to brother
1556--1598--Philip II of Spain
1565--Spain takes possession of Philippines
1568-70--Morisco uprising
1571--Don John of Austria (working for Spain) defeats Turkish fleet at Lepanto
1579--United Provinces of Low Countries declare independence (recognized by Spain in 1609)
1580--Philip II incorporates Portugal into Spanish Crown, holds until 1640
1588--defeat of Armada
1598--Philip II dies and Philip II rules until 1621
1609-l1--Expulsion of Moriscos
1620--Spain enters Thirty Years' War
1630-54--Dutch established in Northeastern Brazil and in Angola
1643--Spain defeat at Rocroi (end of Spanish invincibility on ground)
1621-64--Philip IV becomes king of Spain
1655--English capture Jamaica
1659--Peace of the Pyranees ends 24 years of war with France
1665--1700--Charles II, last of Hapsburgs
1700--Charles II leaves throne to Philip of Anjou, grandson of Louis XIV
1702--1713--War of the Spanish Succession. Spain an international battlefield
1704--loss of Gibraltar
1700-1746--Philip V. Begin Bourbon dynasty in Spain
1746-1759--Ferdinand VI
1759-1788--Charles III
1788-1808--Charles IV
1808-1833--Ferdinand VII
Independence movements at various times.

PORTUGAL

1143--Portugal recognized as sovereign kingdom by Castille and León
1267--Cession by Castille of claims to Algarve complete European territorial integration of Portugal
1385--Battle of Aljubarrota secures Portugal from Castillian designs for 200 years
1415--Capture of Ceuta launches Portugal on overseas conquest.
1424--Canary Islands settled by Portugal (Azores in 1445)
1488--Dias around Cape of Good Hope
1498--Vasco da Gama reaches India via Cape of Good Hope
1500--Cabral lands in Brazil
1509-1515--Portugal establishes naval supremacy in Red Sea and Persian Gulf
1510--Capture of Goa in India, thereafter seat of Portuguese viceroyalty in India
1511 --seizure of Malacca opens to Portuguese way to Indo-China and Spice Islands
1536--Inquisition to Portugal
1542--Portuguese discover Japan to Europe
1580-1640--union with Spain
1640--Portuguese recover independence under Braganza dynasty
1655-63--loss of Ceylon and Malabar to Dutch spells eclipse of Portuguese Far Eastern Empire
1699--First consignment of Brazilian gold reaches Lisbon (Lisboa)
1755--Lisbon earthquake brings Pombal to power
1759--Jesuits expelled from Portugal
1807--Portuguese regent and court sail for Brazil as Napoleon's troops enter Lisbon
1808--Brazil becomes the center of the Portuguese empire
1815--Brazil declared a kingdom
1822--Brazilian Independence

You can read about this and other topics in colonial Latin American history by buying and reading Colonial Latin America by Don Mabry.

Click on the book cover or the title to go to Llumina Press.