The Historical Text Archive: Electronic History Resources, online since 1990 Bringing you digitized history, primary and secondary sources
Home > Links > Europe > Germany

This subcategory contains 102 links

  • Westerbork Concentration Camp Money, 1944 Issues (14 clicks)
  • 1936 Berlin Olympics (1681 clicks)
    Description: The controversial Nazi Olympics wherein black Americans refuted German racism.
  • A Historiography of Weimar's Modernist Culture (1209 clicks)
    Description: This is a historigraphical essay that examines the work around the precarious position of the Intellectuals and cultural figures of Weimar. Particular attention is paid to their political stance towards the new republic and the rise of Nazism.
  • A History of Germany (2128 clicks)
    Description: From unification to the present.
  • A Visit to the Memorial Site at Dachau (1255 clicks)
    Description: "A Visit to the Memorial Site at Dachau The former Nazi concentration camp at Dachau is now a Memorial Site where tourists can visit a Museum with an extensive collection of World War II photographs and pay homage to the victims of the Holocaust at three Christian Memorial Chapels and a Jewish Memorial Temple. Visitors can also see the infamous gas chamber, reconstructed prisoner barracks, memorial monuments, and a Catholic Carmelite convent which is entered through one of the former camp guard towers. The former concentration camp is located just outside the charming town of Dachau near Munich in Germany."
  • Adolf Eichmann (1302 clicks)
    Description: Head of Gestapo Department IV B4 for Jewish Affairs.
  • Adolf Hitler (1989 clicks)
    Description: Short biography of this Austrian who led Nazi Germany.
  • Adolf Hitler Historical Archives (1195 clicks)
    Description: a growing collection of WWII related documents, photos and Nazi era posters.This is is a NONPOLITICAL web site
  • Adolf Hitler links (1377 clicks)
    Description: Links provided by a participant in a discussion group.
  • Adolf Hitler, 1889-1945 (1555 clicks)
    Description: biography from The History Guide
  • Adolf Hitler: Pictures from the Life of the Fuhrer (2205 clicks)
    Description: German Proganda Archive at Calvin College presents a book "published in 1936, ... devoted to the deification of Adolf Hitler."
  • Analysis of the Personality of Adolph Hitler (29 clicks)
    Description: Dr. Henry A. Murray. With Predictions of His Future Behavior and Suggestions for Dealing with Him Now and After Germany's Surrender [1943 OSS Archives, DD247.H5 M87 1943]
  • Archive in Deutschland (1035 clicks)
    Description: Directory of links.
  • Archives in Germany (1303 clicks)
    Description: State and Private Archives, Church Archives, Archives of Concerns, Military Archives, Special Archives
  • Bergen-Belsen concentration camp (973 clicks)
    Description: "Film clips from the liberation of Bergen-Belsen are included in this tape of the 1995 Yom Hashoa ceremony, held at the site of the notorious concentration camp. "
  • Bergen-Belsen concentration camp (1000 clicks)
    Description: "Bergen-Belsen was a concentration camp established in 1943 originally to hold prisoners to be used in political exchanges. Administered by the SS, it included five sub-camps where some 50,000 Jews, political hostages, and other prisoners died of starvation, disease, brutality and sadistic medical practices. It was liberated by the British in 1945."
  • Bismarck and Social Security (1002 clicks)
    Description: Otto von Bismarck, Prussian/German Chancellor 1862-1890, was the first in the Western World to introduce old-age social security. A conservative, he was trying to beat the socialists by creating the welfare state.
  • Bismarck Memoirs (110 clicks)
    Description: a snippet
  • Bismarck--Prussia, Germany, and Europe (1216 clicks)
    Description: Good account of the history of how Prussia swallowed other German states and became the German Empire.
  • Buchenwald (851 clicks)
    Description: "Buchenwald Concentration Camp was established on Ettersberg Hill near Weimar, Thuringia in July 1937. At the beginning, it was designated for political opponents of the Nazi regime, recidivists, so-called social misfits, Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses and homosexuals. After the start of the Second World War, more and more people were sent to the camp from other countries. At the moment of the camp's liberation, 95 per cent of the inmates were not Germans."
  • Bund Deutscher Maedel (the League of German Girls) (193 clicks)
    Description: Nazi Germany
  • Charisma and History: The Case of Münster, Westphalia, 1534-1535 (691 clicks)
    Description: by Tal Howard. THE VIOLENT attempt by the Melchiorite Anabaptists in 1534/35 to establish the "New Jerusalem" in the city of Münster represents one of the most bizarre events of the Reformation. The whole crisis is often construed as an extreme outworking of some latent tendencies within Reformation thought. Luther's widespread influence had greatly diminished the role of the priest as a mediator between the layman and God, thereby increasing the importance of the Bible and personal conscience in directing the layman's spiritual journey. The outcome of this change was that many laymen gave birth to radical interpretations of scripture -- interpretations which often carried dangerous social and political implications.1 The prophetic claims of the two principal prophets at Münster, Jan Matthys and Jan Bockelszoon van Leiden, support this view. Both men drew an enormous amount of prophetic authority from scripture and wielded it with disastrous social and political consequences.
  • Chris De Witt's Berlin Wall Web Page (720 clicks)
    Description: "There are eight essays in total on this site, and eight sets of pictures."
  • Concrete Curtain: The Life and Death of the Berlin Wall (850 clicks)
    Description: The history of the Berlin Wall, from its creation to its destruction : An exhibition comprising around a hundred photographs.
  • Dachau on the Web (784 clicks)
    Description: Many links to the infamous concentration camp.
  • (733 clicks)
    Description: Quellen- und Dokumentensammlung zur deutschen Geschichte von 1800 bis zu Gegenwart. Source of German History (1800 - today).
  • - 19. Jahrhundert (19th century) (766 clicks)
    Description: Historische Dokumente und Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des 19. Jahrunderts Historical documents and sources for the German history of the 19th century
  • - Deutsches Kaiserreich (German Kaiserreich) (774 clicks)
    Description: Historische Dokumente und Quellen zur Geschichte des Deutschen Kaiserreichs Historical documents and sources for the history of the German Kaiserreich
  • - Nationalsozialismus/Drittes Reich (National socialism/Third Reich) (843 clicks)
    Description: Historische Dokumente und Quellen zur Geschichte des Dritten Reichs (1933-1945) Historical documents and sources for the history of the Third Reich (1933-1945)
  • - Weimarer Republik (Republic of Weimar) (859 clicks)
    Description: Historische Dokumente und Quellen zur Geschichte der Weimarer Republik (1918/19-1933) Historical documents and sources for the history of the Republic of Weimar (1918/19-1933)
  • Dresden: A modern historical overview (707 clicks)
    Description: East German city, the capital of Saxony.
  • Dresden: Treasures from the Saxon State Library (111 clicks)
  • Duderstadt - Digitales Archiv (825 clicks)
    Description: "Im Rahmen eines Kooperationsprojekts mit dem Max-Planck-Institut für Geschichte in Göttingen hat das Stadtarchiv Duderstadt zwischen 1996 und Januar 1999 seine älteren Bestände (bis 1650) volldigital erfaßt. Die Ergebnisse der Digitalisierungskampagne wie auch der Erschließungsarbeiten werden nun in dieser Form bereitgestellt."
  • East German Studies Group (785 clicks)
    Description: The Eastern German Studies Association is an association of scholars interested in that part of Germany once known as the German Democratic Republic.
  • Edward R. Murrow's Report From Buchenwald (805 clicks)
    Description: "Legendary CBS reporter Edward R. Murrow described the scene at Buchenwald when he entered the camp after liberation."
  • Extracts from the Diary of Eva Braun (913 clicks)
    Description: Paramour and then wife of Adolf Hitler.
  • Fall of the Weimar Republic (823 clicks)
    Description: Brief sketch of events.
  • Frederick the Great (878 clicks)
    Description: Biography of the great 18th century Prussian king.
  • German Armed Forces 1918-1945 (180 clicks)
    Description: is a non political German military history research site. Our focus is on the German armed forces during the most tumultuous period of the 20th century, the time between 1918 and 1945.
  • German Foreign Policy: Late 19th Century Alliances (835 clicks)
    Description: Archive of discussions
  • German Historical Museum (952 clicks)
    Description: In English and German
  • German History (1239 clicks)
    Description: Virtual library of German History.
  • German Language History (184 clicks)
  • German Propaganda Archive (13 clicks)
    Description: Nazi and East German Propaganda Guide Page
  • German, Austrian, Swiss Cultural History (821 clicks)
    Description: Materials by Dr. Paul A. Schons, University of St. Thomas
  • Germany - "Kaiser Heinrichs Romfahrt" (781 clicks)
    Description: In German.
  • Germany and Europe, 1871-1945 (28 clicks)
    Description: Lecture notes. Colby College
  • Germany During the Cold War (808 clicks)
    Description: A General Overview of the Cold War; Germany Divided; The Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine; The Berlin Crisis and the Berlin Airlift; Reconciliation; Tension Between the Superpowers Rises; The Berlin Wall
  • H-German (690 clicks)
    Description: "H-German is a daily Internet discussion forum focused on scholarly topics in German history. There are no chronological limits. The primary purpose for H-German is to enable scholars in history and related disciplines to easily communicate current research and research interests; to discuss new articles, books, papers, approaches, methods and tools of analysis; to test new ideas and share comments and tips on teaching."
  • Halle Pietism: Religious Compromise and Prussian Social Transformation (775 clicks)
    Description: " During the century between 1640 and 1740, the Calvinist rulers of Brandenburg-Prussia searched for a religious compromise that would unite their interests with those of the Lutheran populace and Junker nobility. The infusion of secular, authoritarian Pietism was an unintended consequence of the attempt to reconcile the Lutheranism of the populace with the Calvinism of the crown. "
  • Harry W. Mazal, the Dachau Gas Chambers (671 clicks)
    Description: In 1933, Hitler began imprisoning people who disagreed with him or did not conform to his expectations of prpoer sexual behavior. By 1945, Dachau had imprisoned all manner of people.
  • History of Bremen (922 clicks)
    Description: "The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen is the second oldest political body in Germany. Bremen was founded as a bishopric in 787. During the 11th century Bremen was refered to as the "Rome of the North". "
  • Hitler's Christianity (208 clicks)
  • Hitler's Third Reich in the News (78 clicks)
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II (845 clicks)
    Description: Thumbnail biography
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II's Account of Events, July 1914 (819 clicks)
    Description: From his memoirs. The outbreak of WWI.
  • Kristallnacht: The November 1938 Pogroms (301 clicks)
  • Lights in the Darkness: Resisters to the Nazi Regime (801 clicks)
    Description: Crteated by students at CCNY. Valuable resource.
  • Luger Pistol (845 clicks)
    Description: Books and other materials about the Luger pistol.
  • Major War Crimes Defendants (117 clicks)
  • Maps on the development of transport lines (809 clicks)
    Description: railroads, canals,
  • Maps on the economic unification of Germany (1280 clicks)
    Description: Zollvereine in Deutschland 1828 Preußischer Zollverband 1828 Zollverträge in Deutschland 22. März 1833 Zollverträge in Deutschland 30. März 1833 Zollverträge in Deutschland 11. Mai 1833 Deutscher Zollverein 1.Januar 1834 Deutscher Zollverein 1836 Deutscher Zollverein 1842 Deutscher Zollverein 1844 Deutscher Zollverein 1854 Deutscher Zollverein 1868 Deutscher Zollverein 1871 Deutsches Zollgebiet 1888 Deutsches Zollgebeit 1901 Der Deutsche Zollverein 1828-1888 (GIF-Animation)
  • Maps on the political development of Germany since 1812 (864 clicks)
    Description: In German ( Karten zur politischen Entwicklung Deutschlands seit 1812 ) as well. a) Gesamtgebiet oder Staatenbünde Entire Territory or Confederation of States, b) Regionale Ausschnittskarten / Regional detail maps, c) Einzelne Territorien / Single territories
  • Mein Kampf (968 clicks)
    Description: Adolf Hitler's explanation of the Nazi movement.
  • Nazi and East German Propaganda (1683 clicks)
    Description: "The German Propaganda Archive includes both propaganda itself and material produced for the guidance of propagandists. The goal is to help people understand the two great totalitarian systems of the 20th Century by giving them access to the primary material."
  • Nazi and East German Propaganda Guide Page (331 clicks)
    Description: "Propaganda was central to Nazi Germany and the German Democratic Republic. The German Propaganda Archive includes both propaganda itself and material produced for the guidance of propagandists. The goal is to help people understand the two great totalitarian systems of the twentieth century by giving them access to the primary material. "
  • Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals, 1933-1945 (284 clicks)
    Description: Among the groups the Nazis perscuted and murdered were homosexuals
  • Nazifuehrer / Nazi Leaders (839 clicks)
    Description: In German. Profiles of the important leaders.
  • North German Confederation (783 clicks)
    Description: From the The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001.The Confederation, led by Prussia, was 22 states north of the River Main. The Confederation beat France in what is called the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71).
  • NSDAP [Nazi] Museum (1009 clicks)
    Description: This site was put up to present Nazi History in a purely historic perspective. It is not intended to present the Nazi's positively or negatively, but to provide the viewers the opportunity to catch a glimpse of why the Nazi's rose to power...and with the complete support of the German Populace.
  • Ordinary Germans: Notes on the Reception of Hitler's Willing Executioners in Germany (878 clicks)
    Description: "Daniel Goldhagen's bestselling Hitlers willige Vollstrecker. Ganz gewöhnliche Deutsche und der Holocaust (published as Hitler's Willing Executioners in the United States). As of December 1997, more than 150,000 copies have been sold in Germany. Goldhagen's clearest and most forceful thesis is that an old-established, deep-seated, vicious, and visceral anti-Jewish mentality ("eliminationist anti-Semitism") among many ordinary Germans accounts for the deliberate and willful terrorizing and killing of Jewish children, women, and men in Europe in the 1930s and 1940s."
  • Otto von Bismarck, "Founder" of the German Empire (866 clicks)
    Description: From German News, the magazine, June-July, 1998.
  • Panzer Works (766 clicks)
    Description: WWII German tank 1/35 scale dioramas.
  • Paul Ganuszko, Discontinuties from Herder To Hitler (773 clicks)
    Description: "iscontinuties from Herder To Hitler tries to show that there was no logical progression in German thought from earlier nationalists such as Herder to the later ideals of Nazism. The projects original form was that of a dissertation for my final year at Cambrige, however I have now updated it into an on-line version."
  • Primary Documents (1006 clicks)
    Description: Germany documents from Eurodocs at Brigham Young University.
  • Prussia, 1815-1852 (739 clicks)
    Description: History and biographies.
  • Recommended Graduate Reading on German History: the Nazi Era (775 clicks)
    Description: From H-German, the listserv for professional historians of Germany.
  • RUSSIAN PHOTOGRAPHY COLLECTION: Yevgeni Khaldei at Nuremberg, 1945 (81 clicks)
  • Tacitus, Germania (865 clicks)
    Description: "Tacitus, an important Roman historian, wrote the most detailed early description of the Germans at then end of the first century CE.. In doing so, be warned, he was commenting on the Rome of his own time, as much as on the German themselves."
  • The Berlin Wall (891 clicks)
    Description: The rise and fall of the Berlin Wall.
  • The Berlin Wall (832 clicks)
    Description: A History of the Berlin Wall in Text and Pictures.
  • The Berlin Wall (667 clicks)
    Description: The Wall, 1961-1989.
  • The Berlin Wall (730 clicks)
    Description: During 28 years, the Wall, separated friends, families, and a nation.Includes photos.
  • The Berlin Wall, 1961-1989 (750 clicks)
    Description: Links in English and German.
  • The Crown & The Cross (748 clicks)
    Description: The Thirty Years' War in Germany.
  • The German Conspiracy to Destroy Hitler, 1938-44 (861 clicks)
    Description: "In building this web site, my goal is to awaken public interest in the largely unknown (outside Germany) history of the 1938-1944 German conspiracy to overthrow Hitler and the Nazi regime. Just as we must never forget the crimes against humanity perpertrated by Hitler and his totalitarian tyranny, so must we realize that beneath Nazi Germany lay a nation of Germans who were horrified by these crimes and paid the highest price to free their country and the world from Nazi rule."
  • The Goebbels Diaries (887 clicks)
    Description: Excerpts, 1942-43 (1/2); Excerpts, 1942-43 (2/2)
  • The Goethe Institute (645 clicks)
    Description: In German or English. Rich resources for the study of things German.
  • The Olympics: Berlin 1936 (1315 clicks)
    Description: This site presents an online version of an exhibition created by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington DC that was exhibited at the Museum from July 1996 - June 1997.
  • The Reichstag (760 clicks)
    Description: Website about the Reichstag in Berlin.
  • The Trial of Adolf Eichmann (755 clicks)
    Description: A PBS and ABC production. TThis has large database.
  • The Weimar Republic I (880 clicks)
    Description: Economic and Political Problems
  • Third Reich Fact Book (709 clicks)
    Description: An apolitical site dedicated to the Third Reich and its allies.
  • Third Reich in Colour (1081 clicks)
    Description: Well-staged images of the Third Reich, images of Hitler and his powerful dictatorship, are all too familiar and have become colourlessly etched in our minds. However, hidden in film archives and private collections other little known and more intimate films have survived – in colour. This colour film is agonising in its reality, as the director Michael Kloft says, ‘It brings the impact closer’. This amazing colour film footage brings closer what black and white film made us feel was in the distant past.
  • Trial of German Major War Criminals (181 clicks)
  • Virtual Library: History: German History (786 clicks)
    Description: The WWW site for German History
  • Walter Langer, A Psychological Analysis of Adolph Hitler (1117 clicks)
    Description: Langer, in collaboration with others, did this analysis of Hitler for the Office of Stategic Service, the forerunner of the CIA.
  • War and Society in Eighteenth-Century Germany (684 clicks)
    Description: "The Documents in German History Project is intended to make available material to students without the requisite language skills to study it in the original. This work has been undertaken as part of the Self-Supported Study in German History Project financed by Newcastle University's Teaching Development Fund since 1995 and involves the selection, translation and annotation of archival and printed primary sources relating to military-civil relations, war and diplomacy in early modern Germany."
  • Weimar and Russia: Is There An Analogy? (664 clicks)
    Description: By Harold James. "In Weimar Germany, a strong current of thought suggestted that something happened at home, not on the battlefield, that destroyed Germany as a great power. Russians are facing exactly the same kind of problem, and some are offering the same kind of analysis, that the Soviet Union disintegrated not because of any external failure, but because of internal failure."
  • Weimar Republic (991 clicks)
    Description: "The Weimar Republic was the government that preceded the Nazi government. The birth of this government was at the defeat end of the First World War. After four long years of devastating warfare, the new government was left with the unhappy task and responsibility of peace negotiations. The Republic was forced to sign a treaty that placed the blame of the way solely on the shoulders of the distraught Germans. It was then the burdened government began its falter."
  • White Rose (16 clicks)
  • Working for armament in World War II: Forced Labour in Hagen 1939-1945 (676 clicks)
    Description: "Due to the increased armament production and the recruitment of the German workforce for military service the industry in Hagen was no longer able to meet the demands of the Wehrmacht without the employment of hired foreign workers, slave labourers from both Eastern and Western Europe, and prisoners of war. More and more forced, slave labourers and prisoners of war were requested from the labour exchange in Hagen and the arms commando in Dortmund since 1941 and employed in the armament factories."