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This subcategory contains 124 links

  • 1936 Berlin Olympics(98 clicks)
    The controversial Nazi Olympics wherein black Americans refuted German racism.
  • A Historiography of Weimar's Modernist Culture(86 clicks)
    This is a historigraphical essay that examines the work around the precarious position of the Intellectuals and cultural figures of Weimar. Particular attention is paid to their political stance towards the new republic and the rise of Nazism.
  • A History of Germany(83 clicks)
  • A Visit to the Memorial Site at Dachau(105 clicks)
    "A Visit to the Memorial Site at Dachau The former Nazi concentration camp at Dachau is now a Memorial Site where tourists can visit a Museum with an extensive collection of World War II photographs and pay homage to the victims of the Holocaust at three Christian Memorial Chapels and a Jewish Memorial Temple. Visitors can also see the infamous gas chamber, reconstructed prisoner barracks, memorial monuments, and a Catholic Carmelite convent which is entered through one of the former camp guard towers. The former concentration camp is located just outside the charming town of Dachau near Munich in Germany."
  • Aauschwitz:Inside the Nazi State(117 clicks)
  • Adolf Eichmann(100 clicks)
    Head of Gestapo Department IV B4 for Jewish Affairs.
  • Adolf Hitler(108 clicks)
    Short biography of this Austrian who led Nazi Germany.
  • Adolf Hitler Historical Archives(112 clicks)
    a growing collection of WWII related documents, photos and Nazi era posters.This is is a NONPOLITICAL web site
  • Adolf Hitler links(109 clicks)
    Links provided by a participant in a discussion group.
  • Adolf Hitler, 1889-1945(107 clicks)
    biography from The History Guide
  • Adolf Hitler: Pictures from the Life of the Fuhrer(105 clicks)
    German Proganda Archive at Calvin College presents a book "published in 1936, ... devoted to the deification of Adolf Hitler."
  • Allies FightFierce Nazi Counter Blow 12/20/1944(77 clicks)
  • Analysis of the Personality of Adolph Hitler(102 clicks)
  • Archive in Deutschland(107 clicks)
    Directory of links.
  • Archives in Germany(83 clicks)
    State and Private Archives, Church Archives, Archives of Concerns, Military Archives, Special Archives
  • Bergen-Belsen concentration camp(88 clicks)
    "Film clips from the liberation of Bergen-Belsen are included in this tape of the 1995 Yom Hashoa ceremony, held at the site of the notorious concentration camp. "
  • Bergen-Belsen concentration camp(84 clicks)
    "Bergen-Belsen was a concentration camp established in 1943 originally to hold prisoners to be used in political exchanges. Administered by the SS, it included five sub-camps where some 50,000 Jews, political hostages, and other prisoners died of starvation, disease, brutality and sadistic medical practices. It was liberated by the British in 1945."
  • Bismarck and Social Security(134 clicks)
    Otto von Bismarck, Prussian/German Chancellor 1862-1890, was the first in the Western World to introduce old-age social security. A conservative, he was trying to beat the socialists by creating the welfare state.
  • Bismarck Memoirs(99 clicks)
    a snippet
  • Bismarck, Otto von(108 clicks)
  • Bismarck--Prussia, Germany, and Europe(81 clicks)
    Good account of the history of how Prussia swallowed other German states and became the German Empire.
  • Buchenwald(87 clicks)
    "Buchenwald Concentration Camp was established on Ettersberg Hill near Weimar, Thuringia in July 1937. At the beginning, it was designated for political opponents of the Nazi regime, recidivists, so-called social misfits, Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses and homosexuals. After the start of the Second World War, more and more people were sent to the camp from other countries. At the moment of the camp's liberation, 95 per cent of the inmates were not Germans."
  • Bund Deutscher Maedel (the League of German Girls)(91 clicks)
    Nazi Germany
  • Charisma and History: The Case of Münster, Westphalia, 1534-1535(89 clicks)
    by Tal Howard. THE VIOLENT attempt by the Melchiorite Anabaptists in 1534/35 to establish the "New Jerusalem" in the city of Münster represents one of the most bizarre events of the Reformation. The whole crisis is often construed as an extreme outworking of some latent tendencies within Reformation thought. Luther's widespread influence had greatly diminished the role of the priest as a mediator between the layman and God, thereby increasing the importance of the Bible and personal conscience in directing the layman's spiritual journey. The outcome of this change was that many laymen gave birth to radical interpretations of scripture -- interpretations which often carried dangerous social and political implications.1 The prophetic claims of the two principal prophets at Münster, Jan Matthys and Jan Bockelszoon van Leiden, support this view. Both men drew an enormous amount of prophetic authority from scripture and wielded it with disastrous social and political consequences.
  • Chris De Witt's Berlin Wall Web Page(98 clicks)
    "There are eight essays in total on this site, and eight sets of pictures."
  • Concrete Curtain: The Life and Death of the Berlin Wall(91 clicks)
    The history of the Berlin Wall, from its creation to its destruction : An exhibition comprising around a hundred photographs.
  • Dachau on the Web(96 clicks)
    Many links to the infamous concentration camp.
  • clicks)
    Quellen- und Dokumentensammlung zur deutschen Geschichte von 1800 bis zu Gegenwart. Source of German History (1800 - today).
  • - 19. Jahrhundert (19th century)(86 clicks)
    Historische Dokumente und Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des 19. Jahrunderts Historical documents and sources for the German history of the 19th century
  • - Deutsches Kaiserreich (German Kaiserreich)(90 clicks)
    Historische Dokumente und Quellen zur Geschichte des Deutschen Kaiserreichs Historical documents and sources for the history of the German Kaiserreich
  • - Nationalsozialismus/Drittes Reich (National socialism/Third Reich)(104 clicks)
    Historische Dokumente und Quellen zur Geschichte des Dritten Reichs (1933-1945) Historical documents and sources for the history of the Third Reich (1933-1945)
  • - Weimarer Republik (Republic of Weimar)(88 clicks)
    Historische Dokumente und Quellen zur Geschichte der Weimarer Republik (1918/19-1933) Historical documents and sources for the history of the Republic of Weimar (1918/19-1933)
  • Dresden: A modern historical overview(79 clicks)
    East German city, the capital of Saxony.
  • Dresden: Treasures from the Saxon State Library(97 clicks)
  • Duderstadt - Digitales Archiv(88 clicks)
    "Im Rahmen eines Kooperationsprojekts mit dem Max-Planck-Institut für Geschichte in Göttingen hat das Stadtarchiv Duderstadt zwischen 1996 und Januar 1999 seine älteren Bestände (bis 1650) volldigital erfaßt. Die Ergebnisse der Digitalisierungskampagne wie auch der Erschließungsarbeiten werden nun in dieser Form bereitgestellt."
  • East German Studies Group(139 clicks)
    The Eastern German Studies Association is an association of scholars interested in that part of Germany once known as the German Democratic Republic.
  • Edward R. Murrow's Report From Buchenwald(89 clicks)
    "Legendary CBS reporter Edward R. Murrow described the scene at Buchenwald when he entered the camp after liberation."
  • erman Imperial Automobile Corps(98 clicks)
  • Extracts from the Diary of Eva Braun(109 clicks)
    Paramour and then wife of Adolf Hitler.
  • Fall of the Weimar Republic(94 clicks)
    Brief sketch of events.
  • Frederick the Great(95 clicks)
    Biography of the great 18th century Prussian king.
  • German Armed Forces 1918-1945(109 clicks) is a non political German military history research site. Our focus is on the German armed forces during the most tumultuous period of the 20th century, the time between 1918 and 1945.
  • German Foreign Policy: Late 19th Century Alliances(88 clicks)
    Archive of discussions
  • German Historical Museum(101 clicks)
    In English and German
  • German History(86 clicks)
  • German Language History(108 clicks)
  • German Propaganda Archive(87 clicks)
    Nazi and East German Propaganda Guide Page
  • German, Austrian, Swiss Cultural History(125 clicks)
    Materials by Dr. Paul A. Schons, University of St. Thomas
  • Germany - "Kaiser Heinrichs Romfahrt"(99 clicks)
  • Germany and Europe, 1871-1945(106 clicks)
    Lecture notes. Colby College
  • Germany During the Cold War(139 clicks)
  • Gutenberg Museum Mainz(126 clicks)
  • H-German(96 clicks)
    "H-German is a daily Internet discussion forum focused on scholarly topics in German history. There are no chronological limits. The primary purpose for H-German is to enable scholars in history and related disciplines to easily communicate current research and research interests; to discuss new articles, books, papers, approaches, methods and tools of analysis; to test new ideas and share comments and tips on teaching."
  • Harry W. Mazal, the Dachau Gas Chambers(91 clicks)
    In 1933, Hitler began imprisoning people who disagreed with him or did not conform to his expectations of prpoer sexual behavior. By 1945, Dachau had imprisoned all manner of people.
  • History of Bremen(106 clicks)
  • Hitler Needs A Woman(103 clicks)
    A chapter from Travels in the Reich, 1933-45. Foreign Authors Report from Germany Edited by Oliver Lubrich. Hitler Needs a Woman by Martha Dodd
  • Hitler's Christianity(121 clicks)
  • Hitler's Forgotten Library(205 clicks)
    May 2003 Atlantic Monthly. "You can tell a lot about a person from what he reads. The surviving—and largely ignored—remnants of Adolf Hitler's personal library reveal a deep but erratic interest in religion and theology" by Timothy W. Ryback
  • Hitler's Third Reich in the News(104 clicks)
  • Household stories from the collection of the bros. Grimm (90 clicks)
    translated from the German by Lucy Crane ; and done into pictures by Walter Crane. Published 1914 by Macmillan in London .
  • In a Cold Crater: Cultural and Intellectual Life in Berlin, 1945-1948(92 clicks)
    Scholarly book by Wolfgang Schivelbusch
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II(108 clicks)
    Thumbnail biography
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II's Account of Events, July 1914(86 clicks)
    From his memoirs. The outbreak of WWI.
  • Kaiserreich, 1871-1918(89 clicks)
  • Khaldei Collection(97 clicks)
  • Kristallnacht: The November 1938 Pogroms(90 clicks)
  • Lights in the Darkness: Resisters to the Nazi Regime(87 clicks)
    Crteated by students at CCNY. Valuable resource.
  • Luger Pistol(85 clicks)
    Books and other materials about the Luger pistol.
  • Major War Crimes Defendants(105 clicks)
  • Maps on the development of transport lines(81 clicks)
    railroads, canals,
  • Maps on the economic unification of Germany(86 clicks)
    Zollvereine in Deutschland 1828 Preußischer Zollverband 1828 Zollverträge in Deutschland 22. März 1833 Zollverträge in Deutschland 30. März 1833 Zollverträge in Deutschland 11. Mai 1833 Deutscher Zollverein 1.Januar 1834 Deutscher Zollverein 1836 Deutscher Zollverein 1842 Deutscher Zollverein 1844 Deutscher Zollverein 1854 Deutscher Zollverein 1868 Deutscher Zollverein 1871 Deutsches Zollgebiet 1888 Deutsches Zollgebeit 1901 Der Deutsche Zollverein 1828-1888 (GIF-Animation)
  • Maps on the political development of Germany since 1812(92 clicks)
    In German ( Karten zur politischen Entwicklung Deutschlands seit 1812 ) as well. a) Gesamtgebiet oder Staatenbünde Entire Territory or Confederation of States, b) Regionale Ausschnittskarten / Regional detail maps, c) Einzelne Territorien / Single territories
  • Medieval Germany(104 clicks)
  • Mein Kampf(120 clicks)
    Adolf Hitler's explanation of the Nazi movement.
  • Nazi and East German Propaganda(102 clicks)
    "The German Propaganda Archive includes both propaganda itself and material produced for the guidance of propagandists. The goal is to help people understand the two great totalitarian systems of the 20th Century by giving them access to the primary material."
  • Nazi and East German Propaganda Guide Page(84 clicks)
    "Propaganda was central to Nazi Germany and the German Democratic Republic. The German Propaganda Archive includes both propaganda itself and material produced for the guidance of propagandists. The goal is to help people understand the two great totalitarian systems of the twentieth century by giving them access to the primary material. "
  • Nazi Concentration Camps(108 clicks)
    Compilation footage of Nazi concentration camps in the immediate aftermath of World War II. The footage was gathered by the US Department of Defense as part of the effort to conduct war crimes trials. This copy was dubbed from a video copy at the National Archives in College Park, Maryland. National Archives Identifiers: ARC: 43452 NAIL: 238.2
  • Nazi Concentration Camps(99 clicks)
    **This film contains extremely graphic scenes of human suffering, please exercise caution when viewing.** Compilation footage of Nazi concentration camps in the immediate aftermath of World War II. The footage was gathered by the US Department of Defense as part of the effort to conduct war crimes trials.
  • Nazi Party-Wikiped1a(94 clicks)
  • Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals, 1933-1945(82 clicks)
    Among the groups the Nazis perscuted and murdered were homosexuals
  • Nazi Photos(96 clicks)
    "The following photos provide a pictorial glimpse of Hitler, how his Nazis mixed religion with government, and the support for Hitler by the Protestant and Catholic Churches in Germany. In, no way, does this gallery of photos intend to support Nazism or anti-Semitism, but instead, intends to warn against them."
  • Nazifuehrer / Nazi Leaders(88 clicks)
    In German. Profiles of the important leaders.
  • Nineteenth Century German History(118 clicks)
  • North German Confederation(87 clicks)
    From the The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001.The Confederation, led by Prussia, was 22 states north of the River Main. The Confederation beat France in what is called the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71).
  • NSDAP [Nazi] Museum(91 clicks)
    This site was put up to present Nazi History in a purely historic perspective. It is not intended to present the Nazi's positively or negatively, but to provide the viewers the opportunity to catch a glimpse of why the Nazi's rose to power...and with the complete support of the German Populace.
  • Nuremberg Trials(95 clicks)
    Video Footage
  • Nuremberg Trials . 1945 - 1949(82 clicks)
    No trial provides a better basis for understanding the nature and causes of evil than do the Nuremberg trials from 1945 to 1949. Those who come to the trials expecting to find sadistic monsters are generally disappointed. What is shocking about Nuremberg is the ordinariness of the defendants: men who may be good fathers, kind to animals, even unassuming--yet committed unspeakable crimes. Years later, reporting on the trial of Adolf Eichmann, Hannah Arendt wrote of "the banality of evil." Like Eichmann, most Nuremberg defendants never aspired to be villains. Rather, they either overidentified with an ideological cause or suffered from a lack of imagination: they couldn't fully appreciate the human consequences of their career-motivated decisions..
  • Nuremberg Trials Project: A Digital Document Collection(88 clicks)
    The Harvard Law School Library has approximately one million pages of documents relating to the trial of military and political leaders of Nazi Germany before the International Military Tribunal (IMT) and to the twelve trials of other accused war criminals before the United States Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMT).

    The documents, which include trial transcripts, briefs, document books, evidence files, and other papers, have been studied by lawyers, scholars, and other researchers in the areas of history, ethics, genocide, and war crimes, and are of particular interest to officials and students of current international tribunals involving war crimes and crimes against humanity.

    To preserve the contents of these documents--which are now too fragile to be handled--and to provide expanded access to this material, the Library has begun a digital project to create and present images or full-text versions of its Nuremberg documents on the Internet, along with analytical information about each document and general information about the trials.

    The first stage of the project presents documents from and relating to the Medical Case, which was Case 1 of the NMT trials. The Medical Case (U.S.A. v. Karl Brandt et al., also known as the Doctors' Trial) was held in 1946-1947 and involved 23 defendants accused of organizing and participating in war crimes and crimes against humanity in the form of harmful or fatal medical experiments and other medical procedures inflicted on both civilians and prisoners of war.

  • Ordinary Germans: Notes on the Reception of Hitler's Willing Executioners in Germany(103 clicks)
  • Otto von Bismarck & German Unification(98 clicks)
  • Otto von Bismarck, "Founder" of the German Empire(101 clicks)
    From German News, the magazine, June-July, 1998.
  • Paul Ganuszko, Discontinuties from Herder To Hitler(101 clicks)
    "iscontinuties from Herder To Hitler tries to show that there was no logical progression in German thought from earlier nationalists such as Herder to the later ideals of Nazism. The projects original form was that of a dissertation for my final year at Cambrige, however I have now updated it into an on-line version."
  • Pietism(105 clicks)
  • Primary Documents(103 clicks)
    Germany documents from Eurodocs at Brigham Young University.
  • Primary Documents(103 clicks)
  • Prussia, 1815-1848(89 clicks)
  • Recommended Graduate Reading on German History: the Nazi Era(94 clicks)
    From H-German, the listserv for professional historians of Germany.
  • Rise and Fall of the Second Reich(93 clicks)
  • Tacitus, Germania(118 clicks)
    "Tacitus, an important Roman historian, wrote the most detailed early description of the Germans at then end of the first century CE.. In doing so, be warned, he was commenting on the Rome of his own time, as much as on the German themselves."
  • The Berlin Wall(102 clicks)
    The rise and fall of the Berlin Wall.
  • The Berlin Wall(81 clicks)
    A History of the Berlin Wall in Text and Pictures.
  • The Berlin Wall(125 clicks)
    The Wall, 1961-1989.
  • The Berlin Wall(117 clicks)
  • The Berlin Wall, 1961-1989(88 clicks)
    Links in English and German.
  • The German Conspiracy to Destroy Hitler, 1938-44(100 clicks)
    "In building this web site, my goal is to awaken public interest in the largely unknown (outside Germany) history of the 1938-1944 German conspiracy to overthrow Hitler and the Nazi regime. Just as we must never forget the crimes against humanity perpertrated by Hitler and his totalitarian tyranny, so must we realize that beneath Nazi Germany lay a nation of Germans who were horrified by these crimes and paid the highest price to free their country and the world from Nazi rule."
  • The Goebbels Diaries(94 clicks)
    Excerpts, 1942-43 (1/2); Excerpts, 1942-43 (2/2)
  • The Goethe Institute(156 clicks)
    In German or English. Rich resources for the study of things German.
  • The National Socialist Era, 1933-1945(91 clicks)
  • The Olympics: Berlin 1936(95 clicks)
    This site presents an online version of an exhibition created by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington DC that was exhibited at the Museum from July 1996 - June 1997.
  • The Reichstag(98 clicks)
  • The Trial of Adolf Eichmann(82 clicks)
    A PBS and ABC production. TThis has large database.
  • The Weimar Republic I(92 clicks)
    Economic and Political Problems
  • Third Reich Fact Book(92 clicks)
    An apolitical site dedicated to the Third Reich and its allies.
  • Third Reich in Colour(92 clicks)
  • Trial of German Major War Criminals(117 clicks)
  • Virtual Library: History: German History(82 clicks)
    The WWW site for German History
  • Walter Langer, A Psychological Analysis of Adolph Hitler(100 clicks)
    Langer, in collaboration with others, did this analysis of Hitler for the Office of Stategic Service, the forerunner of the CIA.
  • Weimar and Russia: Is There An Analogy?(96 clicks)
    By Harold James. "In Weimar Germany, a strong current of thought suggestted that something happened at home, not on the battlefield, that destroyed Germany as a great power. Russians are facing exactly the same kind of problem, and some are offering the same kind of analysis, that the Soviet Union disintegrated not because of any external failure, but because of internal failure."
  • Weimar Photos(91 clicks)
    Mary Evans Picture Library: "The Weimar Archive is an important collection of German history, politics and culture from the end of the First World War, leading up to, and including, World War II."
  • Weimar Republic(93 clicks)
    "The Weimar Republic was the government that preceded the Nazi government. The birth of this government was at the defeat end of the First World War. After four long years of devastating warfare, the new government was left with the unhappy task and responsibility of peace negotiations. The Republic was forced to sign a treaty that placed the blame of the way solely on the shoulders of the distraught Germans. It was then the burdened government began its falter."
  • Werner von Siemens: Inventor and International Entrepreneur(92 clicks)
    By Wilfried Feldenkirchen. Ohio State University Press book.
  • Westerbork Concentration Camp Money, 1944 Issues(91 clicks)
  • White Rose(83 clicks)
  • Working for armament in World War II: Forced Labour in Hagen 1939-1945(87 clicks)
    "Due to the increased armament production and the recruitment of the German workforce for military service the industry in Hagen was no longer able to meet the demands of the Wehrmacht without the employment of hired foreign workers, slave labourers from both Eastern and Western Europe, and prisoners of war. More and more forced, slave labourers and prisoners of war were requested from the labour exchange in Hagen and the arms commando in Dortmund since 1941 and employed in the armament factories."