The Historical Text Archive: Electronic History Resources, online since 1990 Bringing you digitized history, primary and secondary sources
 
HTA Home Page | Links | United States | Twentieth Century, 1901-1945

This subcategory contains 142 links

  • The Jungle A Look at the History of the Meat Industry Through the Eyes of Upton Sinclair’s Novel (168 clicks)
  • "Make It Yourself"(124 clicks)
    Subtitle: Home Sewing, Gender, and Culture, 1890-1930. Book by Sarah A. Gordon
  • "Roll on Columbia"(112 clicks)
    Woody Guthrie and the Bonneville Dam Project
  • "This Case is Close to My Heart"(111 clicks)
    "Although ready to retire, famed attorney Clarence Darrow rose to the challenge when asked to defend a black physician against a murder charge."
  • 'Doing the Pan'(172 clicks)
    The Pan-American Exposition was a concentrated snapshot of 1901 people, their attitudes about everything and everyone, their social classes, their conflict between religious observances and commercial opportunities, and their happy surrender to the not-so-cheap thrills of the Midway.
  • 170,000 photographs from 1935 to 1945 created by the United States Farm Security Administration(101 clicks)
  • 1913 Massacre at Italian Hall(131 clicks)
    Background of the Pete Seeger song and the song itself
  • 1915: Murder of Joe Hill(107 clicks)
  • 1922 Teachers' Salaries(111 clicks)
    For selected states but included the highest and lowest.
  • A Life in the Twentieth Century: Innocent Beginnings, 1917-1950(90 clicks)
    Podcast: Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. “A Life in the Twentieth Century: Innocent Beginnings, 1917-1950? November, 2001, at the Morgan Library Running Time: 57:09
  • Ad Access(116 clicks)
    The Ad*Access Project, funded by the Duke Endowment "Library 2000" Fund, presents images and database information for over 7,000 advertisements printed in U.S. and Canadian newspapers and magazines between 1911 and 1955.
  • Airmail's First Day(110 clicks)
    "The Post Office called on Army Air Service pilots to carry the first airmail. Despite numerous hardships, the first flying postmen usually made their appointed rounds."
  • Al Capone(107 clicks)
    From Chicago History
  • Albert Fish(168 clicks)
    Mass murderer
  • All-American Soap Box Derby (1934)(147 clicks)
  • America Between the Wars, 1917-1940, pt. 1(111 clicks)
    # Michael Kazin, professor of History at Georgetown University, explores the turbulent two decades between World War I and World War II. He describes the radical shifts in American political power and social institutions during that time. This lecture is part 1 of 2.
  • America From the Great Depression to World War II(133 clicks)
    "The black-and-white photographs of the Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information Collection are a landmark in the history of documentary photography. The images show Americans at home, at work, and at play, with an emphasis on rural and small-town life and the adverse effects of the Great Depression, the Dust Bowl, and increasing farm mechanization. "
  • America in the 1930s(129 clicks)
    Very good site from the Uinversity of a
  • American Cultural History, 1940-49(126 clicks)
    "The purpose of this web / library guide is to help the user gain a broad understanding and appreciation for the culture and history of the 1940-1949 period in American history. In a very small way, this is a bibliographic essay. To see the whole picture, we encourage users to browse all the way through this page (and the other decades as they come online) and then visit the suggested links for more information on the decade."
  • American History, 1900-1930(116 clicks)
  • American Leaders Speak(127 clicks)
    Recordings from World War One and the 1920 election
  • American the 1930s(124 clicks)
  • An American in the Making(130 clicks)
    the life story of an immigrant by M.E. Ravage. Published 1917 by Harper & Brothers in New York, London .
  • Anti-Saloon Leagues(133 clicks)
    The Anti-Saloon League from 1893 to 1933 was a major force in American politics. Influencing the United States through the printed word and lobbying, they turned a moral crusade into a Constitutional amendment.
  • Big News of 1941(130 clicks)
  • Black Thursday(102 clicks)
    Thursday, October 24, 1929, or Black Thursday, was the stock market crash heralding the start of the Great Depression. This site seeks to present a contemporay view.
  • Bonus Army(110 clicks)
    Hoover orders army attack on US citizens
  • Bonus Army, The(135 clicks)
    By Dagvin R.M. Anderson
  • Born of a Panic: Forming the Fed System(109 clicks)
    Formatiuon of the Federal Reserve System
  • Burton Folsom, "Why Henry Ford Had a Better Idea"(111 clicks)
    From the June 2, 1996 edition of the Detroit News.
  • California Dust Bowl Refugees(162 clicks)
    Article from the San Francisco Chronicle.
  • Carter Glass(125 clicks)
    A brief biography of the man who shaped the Federal Reserve Act. By David Page
  • Caught in the Crossfire(118 clicks)
    Subtitle: Adrian Scott and the Politics of Americanism in 1940s Hollywood. book by Jennifer E. Langdon, Associate Director of the Davis Humanities Institute.
  • Cereal Box Archive(132 clicks)
  • Charles Lindbergh, An American Aviator(137 clicks)
    The famous aviator
  • Child Labor in America, 1908-1912(237 clicks)
    Featuring the Original Photo Captions by Lewis W. Hine
  • China Reporting: An Oral History of American Journalism in the 1930s and 1940s(138 clicks)
    Scholarly book by Stephen R.MacKinnon and Oris Friesen
  • Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers(105 clicks)
    Library of Congress. 1900-1910 newspapers
  • Clash of Cultures in the 1910s and 1920s(107 clicks)
    Prohibition; Immigration Restriction and The Ku Klux Klan; The New Woman; The Scopes Trial
  • Compensation from before World War I through the Great Depression(109 clicks)
  • Compensation from before World War I through the Great Depression(123 clicks)
  • Competing Visions for America(133 clicks)
    The 1912 presidential election was a significant and substantive discussion about the future of the United States.
  • Deadle Virus: Influenza Epidemic of 1918(136 clicks)
    US National Archives
  • Divorce, 1916, 1922(107 clicks)
    Number of divorces, by state, in 1916 and 1922. Percent increase and dvoorces per 100,000 maried.
  • Documenting the Great Depression(108 clicks)
    "The images in the Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information Collection are among the most famous documentary photographs ever produced. Created by a group of U.S. government photographers, the images show Americans in every part of the nation. In the early years, the project emphasized rural life and the negative impact of the Great Depression, farm mechanization, and the Dust Bowl. In later years, the photographers turned their attention to the mobilization effort for World War II. The core of the collection consists of about 164,000 black-and-white photographs. This release provides access to over 112,000 of these images; future additions will expand the black-and-white offering. The FSA-OWI photographers also produced about 1600 color photographs during the latter days of the project."
  • Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan(109 clicks)
    He did it on purpose.
  • Dust Bowl(121 clicks)
  • Emile Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry(137 clicks)
    "Emile Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry is a selection of more than 400 items from the Emile Berliner Papers and 108 Berliner sound recordings from the Library of Congress's Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division. Berliner (1851-1929), an immigrant and a largely self-educated man, was responsible for the development of the microphone and the flat recording disc and gramophone player. "
  • Emma Goldman(112 clicks)
    Radical during WWI
  • Emma Goldman Papers(118 clicks)
    Emma Goldman (1869-1940) stands as a major figure in the history of American radicalism and feminism.
  • Evolution on Trial(113 clicks)
    "Seventy-five years ago, science teacher John Scopes agreed to challenge Tennessee's new anti-evolution law in court. The resulting legal battle pitted two of the country's premier orators against each other and treated newspaper readers worldwide to what Baltimore Sun columnist H.L. Mencken called a "genuinely fabulous" show." by J. Kingston Pierce
  • Fatal Flood: 1927(152 clicks)
  • Federal Reserve Act(133 clicks)
  • First Nonstop Continental Flight(105 clicks)
    New York to San Diego in 1923
  • Flying Machines 1909(101 clicks)
    Wright State University postcard exhibition.
  • From Domesticty to Modernity(124 clicks)
    What was Home Economics?
  • Golden Rule Jones: Mayor of Toledo(135 clicks)
    By Ernest Crosby. Chicago: The Public Publishing Company, 1906. Enlarged BoondocksNet Edition, 2001. Jones was the Progressive mayor of Toledo, Ohio.
  • Great Depression(109 clicks)
    March, 2009 edition of History Now. The Great Depression: An Overview, by David M. Kennedy; The WPA: Antidote to the Great Depression? by Nick Taylor; The Hundred Days and Beyond: What did the New Deal Accomplish? by Anthony Badger; Women in the Great Depression, by Susan Ware; The New Deal, Then and Now, by Alan Brinkley; Are Artists "Workers"? by Elizabeth Broun
  • H-SHGAPE Bibliographical Essays: Progressivism(110 clicks)
  • Henry Ford's Experiment to Build a Better Worker(231 clicks)
  • Henry Ford, "Why I Favor Five Days' Work With Six Days' Pay"(94 clicks)
    By Samuel Crowther in World's Work, October 1926 pp. 613-616.
  • Home Movies: Can 10352: Florida II - March 1947](140 clicks)
  • Houdini: The Man Behind the Myth(105 clicks)
  • Ice Cream Cone History(143 clicks)
  • Influenza 1918(139 clicks)
    "The PBS site on Influenza 1918 is tied to the one-volume video from PBS’s series, “The American Experience."
  • Japan in America(106 clicks)
    "Japan-in-America" is, therefore, a complicated and multifaceted phenomena, very much connected to historical events, public opinion campaigns, war scares, Japanophilia, and Japanophobia, and not limited to only a few positive or negative stereotypes. This exhibit displays a wide array of images and artifacts from the popular culture of the period - paintings, poetry, and travel literature, but also postcards, illustrated books, sheet music, magic lantern slides, editorial cartoons, motion pictures, missionary tracts, children's literature, advertisements, circus acts, magic shows, and a range of other forms.
  • Japanese Internment During World War II(95 clicks)
    Good site on the imprisonment of Americans and resident aliens of Japanese descent.
  • Jazz Age Culture Part I(113 clicks)
    The Flapper Era. The Harlem Renaissance
  • Labor and the Holocaust: The Jewish Labor Committee and the Anti-Nazi Struggle(123 clicks)
    Prepared from historical records of the Jewish Labor Committee, a vast collection totalling more than three million pages of documentation and ten thousand photographs, posters, and graphics. The website records the work of the Committee from its founding in New York in 1934 through the early post-WWII years.
  • League of Women Voters(111 clicks)
    History." Past & Future The League of Women Voters is an outgrowth of the suffragist movement. Carrie Chapman Catt founded the organization in 1920 during the convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. The convention was held only six months before the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, giving women the right to vote after a 57-year struggle."
  • Lend-Lease Act, 1941(159 clicks)
    Full text. Aid to Great Britain.
  • Letters from College, 1921(107 clicks)
    Two letters from a 16 year old boy to his parents written just after he arrived at college in South Carolina. Plus edior's note.
  • Lincoln Highway(151 clicks)
    "On July 1, 1913, a group of automobile enthusiasts and industry officials established the Lincoln Highway Association (LHA) "to procure the establishment of a continuous improved highway from the Atlantic to the Pacific, open to lawful traffic of all description without toll charges." In its time, the Lincoln Highway would become the Nation's premier highway, as well known as U.S. 66 was to be in its day and as well known as I-80 and I-95 are today."
  • Lincoln Steffins, Enemies of the Republic(136 clicks)
    Subtitled THE POLITICAL LEADERS WHO ARE SELLING OUT THE STATE OF MISSOURI, AND THE LEADING BUSINESS MEN WHO ARE BUYING IT - BUSINESS AS TREASON-CORRUPTION AS REVOLUTION
  • Main Causes of the Great Depression(114 clicks)
    Written by Paul Alexander Gusmorino 3rd : May 13, 1996. asserts, incorrectly, that it was the worst economic slump in US history.
  • Manhattan Project(106 clicks)
    Documents from the Gilder Lerhman Institute. "he following documents demonstrate the tremendous concern of the Association of Manhattan Project Scientists toward nuclear power in peacetime."
  • McKinley Assassination Ink(112 clicks)
    McKinley Assassination Ink (MAI) is not a resource designed to further any particular agenda with respect to the legacy of William McKinley. It is, however, a means for examining America’s first president of the twentieth century—a man who, at the height of his political powers and popularity, was unexpectedly removed from office by a quietly determined American-born anarchist, Leon Czolgosz (pronounced CHOL-gosh). The assassination of William McKinley, adjudged something of a non sequitur even by the assassin’s fellow anarchists, represents America’s first crisis of the twentieth century, an event that occasioned nationwide grief and catapulted Theodore Roosevelt (“that damned cowboy”) to the forefront of American politics.
  • Model T Ford(230 clicks)
    Film about the building of the Model T.
  • Modern Homes(130 clicks)
    Sears, Roebuck. 1936
  • Monkey Trial(123 clicks)
    PBS
  • Morgan: American Financier(106 clicks)
    Award-winning historian Jean Strouse discusses her research into the life of J.P. Morgan, America’s most influential banker. She looks at the reasons for his success and delves into his inscrutable personal life. Strouse’s extensive scholarship offers many insights into her subject, whose name is in the financial news headlines once again.
  • Mother of Mothers Day, The(105 clicks)
  • New York Times Coverage of the 1929 Crash(111 clicks)
    The stories begin the Monday before the Thursday crash and are prophetic.
  • Night America Trembled(103 clicks)
    "War of the Worlds"
  • Night America Trembled(119 clicks)
    Orson Welles broadcast considered.
  • Only Yesterday(115 clicks)
    Classic book by Frederick /Lewis Allen
  • ousa: 1929 radio speech and performance of Stars and Stripes Forever(122 clicks)
    Audio
  • Paul Warburg's Crusade to Establish a Central Bank in the United States(143 clicks)
    Paul Warburg was an advocate for a central bank in the United States and was chosen by President Woodrow Wilson to serve as one of the first members of the Federal Reserve Board. Article by Michael A. Whitehouse, May 1989
  • Photographs from the Chicago Daily News, 1902-1933(88 clicks)
    The topics illustrated in Photographs from the Chicago Daily News, 1902-1933 show great variety.
  • Photographs of the Depression(124 clicks)
    Photos from the 1930s.
  • Politics of Prosperity: The 1920s(124 clicks)
    Stanley K. Schultz, Professor of History
  • Pride of the Race Had Been Touched”: The 1925 Norse-American Immigration Centennial and Ethnic Ident(124 clicks)
    by April Schultz (Volume 33: Page 267). Reprinted with permission from The Journal of American History, March, 1991, 1265-1295.
  • Progressive Men, Women, and Movements of the Past Twenty-Five Years(124 clicks)
    By B. O. Flower. Boston: The New Arena, 1914. BoondocksNet Edition, 2001.
  • Prosperity and Thrift(122 clicks)
    Calvin Coolidge and the Consumer Era, 1921-29
  • Radical Responses to the Great Depression(123 clicks)
  • Retail Food Prices, 1913, 1914, 1924, 1925, 1976(133 clicks)
    Average food prices nationwide plus prices in Chicago
  • Scopes "Monkey" Trial(105 clicks)
    Famous 1925 trial about teaching evolution
  • Small Town America(111 clicks)
    New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut : The Tri-State Region and more in Stereoscopic Views
  • Sumner Welles, Postwar Planning, and the Quest for a New World Order, 1937-1943(113 clicks)
    Book by Christopher D. O'Sullivan
  • Surviving the Dust Bowl Experience(175 clicks)
    PBS video
  • Syphilis from 1880 to 1920: A Public Health Nightmare and the First Challenge to Medical Ethics(132 clicks)
  • Temperance and Prohibition(144 clicks)
    The great social experiment
  • The 1920s(116 clicks)
    The Jazz Age and such. Boom times.
  • The Confession of a Hyphenated American(138 clicks)
    By Edward A. Steiner A Lecture delivered under the Auspices of The League for Political Education, New York City. New York: Fleming H. Revel Company, 1916 BoondocksNet Edition, 2001
  • The Cradle That Rocked America(114 clicks)
    "A musical production Orson Welles directed in 1937 demonstrated why there's no business like government-sponsored show business." by Joseph Gustaitis
  • The Early History of the Airplane(122 clicks)
    LibriVox recording of The Early History of the Airplane, by Orville and Wilbur Wright. Read by Availle. The Brothers Orville (1871 - 1948) and Wilbur (1867 – 1912) Wright made the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air flight, on 17th December 1903. They were not the first to build and fly aircraft, but they invented the controls that were necessary for a pilot to steer the aircraft, which made fixed wing powered flight possible. The Early History of the Airplane consists of three short essays about the beginnings of human flight. The second essay retells the first flight: "This flight lasted only 12 seconds, but it was nevertheless the first in the history of the world in which a machine carrying a man had raised itself by its own power into the air in full flight, had sailed forward without reduction of speed and had finally landed at a point as high as that from which it started." (Introduction by Availle)
  • The First Airplane Fatality(92 clicks)
    "When a plane piloted by Orville Wright in 1908 crashed during a test flight, the result proved disastrous, especially for Wright's passenger, Lieutenant Thomas E. Selfridge." by Wyatt Kingseed
  • The Great Pandemic, 1918-1919(131 clicks)
    The Influenza Pandemic occurred in three waves in the United States throughout 1918 and 1919. Learn more about the pandemic, along with the Nation’s health and the medical care system and how they were affected. Also, take a glance at some people who fought the Influenza in the United States.
  • The Jacob Riis Collection(108 clicks)
    The Museum of the City of New York provides biographical data on Jacob Riis, urban reformer, and some of his photographs.
  • The John and Ruby Lomax 1939 Southern States Recording Trip(111 clicks)
  • The Last Days of a President: Films of McKinley and the Pan-American Exposition, 1901(127 clicks)
    Library of Congress site
  • The Lindbergh Case(114 clicks)
    The child of Charles Lindbergh was kidnapped and killed. Who did it?
  • The Man Who Cooled America(104 clicks)
    "Air conditioning came of age in America in 1925, when engineer Willis Haviland Carrier installed humidity-controlled refrigeration in New York City's Rivoli Theater." by Joseph Gustaitis
  • The Medium and the Magician(109 clicks)
    "Mina Crandon's followers believed she had genuine paranormal powers. Harry Houdini was equally certain she was a fraud." By Daniel Stashower
  • The Nye Commission on the Munitions Industry(134 clicks)
    This 1936 Congressional report blamed the munitions industry for wars in the early 20th century.
  • The Radio Act of 1927 asa Product of Progressivism(127 clicks)
    by Mark Goodman. Congress passed the Radio Act of 1927 to bring order to the chaos of radio broadcasting. In the process, Congressional representatives had to deal with several free speech issues, which were resolved in favor of the Progressive concepts of public interest, thereby limiting free speech. This study examines how Congress intended radio licensees to interpret and practice free speech. In conclusion, it was found Congressmen feared radio's potential power to prompt radical political or social reform, spread indecent language, and to monopolize opinions. Therefore, the FRC was empowered to protect listeners from those who would not operate radio for "public interest, convenience, and necessity."
  • The Red Scare (1918-1921(119 clicks)
    RED SCARE is an image database about the period in the history of the United States immediately following World War I. The dates are approximately from the Armistice in November of 1918 to the collapse of hyper-inflation in mid-1920.
  • The Republican Opposition(136 clicks)
    by THOMAS H. REED and DORIS D. REED in : Survey Graphic, May 1, 1940, Vol. 29, No. 5, p. 286
  • The Spectacles of 1912(109 clicks)
    Presidential election
  • The Square Deal: Theodore Roosevelt and the Themes of Progressive Reform(125 clicks)
  • The Supreme Court’s Response to Nativism in the 1920’s(121 clicks)
    by Jamie McNab. PRIMA Volume 3, Issue 1
  • The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire(140 clicks)
    March 25, 1911. Presented by the Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives at Cornell University in cooperation with the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees
  • The VENONA Project(148 clicks)
  • The Wright Experience(123 clicks)
    Looks at flight and Wilbur and Orville Wright.
  • Theodore Roosevelt: The Making of a Progressive Reformer (110 clicks)
    History Now
  • To War or Not to War(125 clicks)
    The US, France, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union in the 1930s confronted the dilemma of whether or not to go to war.
  • Too Big To Fail, the 1912 Version(173 clicks)
  • Touring Turn-of-theCentury America(143 clicks)
    "This collection of photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company Collection includes over 25,000 glass negatives and transparencies as well as about 300 color photolithograph prints, mostly of the eastern United States. The collection includes the work of a number of photographers, one of whom was the well known photographer William Henry Jackson. "
  • Trapped in the Depths(105 clicks)
    "When the submarine Squalus sank during a test dive in 1939, 33 survivors were trapped in a dead craft on the ocean floor. They had one realistic hope of rescue, but it depended on a new device that had not yet advanced beyond the testing stage."
  • Twenties Experience(126 clicks)
  • Twenties Experience(133 clicks)
  • U. S. History, 1900-1930s(119 clicks)
    Images
  • U.S. Progressive Era Outline 1900-1920(146 clicks)
  • Vaudeville Memories(129 clicks)
  • Vintage Vaudeville and Ragtime Show(121 clicks)
    Popular entertsinment since 1875.
  • Voices from the Dust Bowl(138 clicks)
    Songs of Depression-era migrants
  • What was Chautauqua?(143 clicks)
  • When Trumpets Call: Theodore Roosevelt After the White House(120 clicks)
    "Theodore Roosevelt was only fifty years old when he left the White House in 1909, but his boundless energy kept him very much in the public eye until his death in 1919. In this lecture, historian Patricia O’Toole recounts the last decade of T.R.’s fascinating life, which included an unsuccessful run for the presidency as a third party candidate, an attempt to raise and then command a battalion of American soldiers in World War I, and the tragic death of his son Quentin.: podcast
  • Whitehead Work Saving Kitchens (1937)(118 clicks)
  • [Missouri Pacific Railroad film] (1930s - early 1940s)(150 clicks)
  • ‘Plague Upon the Land’: Scenes From an American Dust Bowl, 1954(141 clicks)
  • “The Politics of the Future are Social Politics”: Progressivism in International Perspective(126 clicks)
    Perspective