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This subcategory contains 243 links

  • "Back to Africa?" The Colonization Movement in Early America(256 clicks)
    Timothy Cumrin essay on Liberia, etc.
  • 54th. Mass. Volunteer Infantry(312 clicks)
  • A Century of Racial Segregation, 1849-1950(287 clicks)
  • A Chronology of African American Military Service From WWI through WWII(235 clicks)
  • A Colored Man's Reminiscences of James Madison(208 clicks)
    By Paul Jennings.
  • A Deeper Shade of History(214 clicks)
  • A Durable Memento(290 clicks)
    Augustus Washington (1820/21 1875) is one of the few African American daguerreotypists whose work has been identified Charles Bulkeleyand whose career has been documented.
  • A Map of American Slavery(233 clicks)
    One of the most important maps of the Civil War was also one of the most visually striking: the United States Coast Survey’s map of the slaveholding states, which clearly illustrates the varying concentrations of slaves across the South. Abraham Lincoln loved the map and consulted it often; it even appears in a famous 1864 painting of the president and his cabinet.
  • A Plea For Captain John Brown(257 clicks)
    Essay by Henry David Thoreau
  • A Roadmap to African American and Diversity Resources(208 clicks)
  • A Second Methuselah(270 clicks)
    THE ARKANSAS INDEPENDENT, Dardanelle, Arkansas, April 9, 1875
  • A Slave to Glory(298 clicks)
    Pvt. Reuben Bibb, USCT 65th Infantry, a hero of the Civil War.
  • A Struggle from the Start(242 clicks)
    Black history in Hartford, Connecticut
  • A. Philip Randolph Pullman Porter Museum Gallery(268 clicks)
    African American railroad employees, particularly Pullman porters.
  • About African-American History(233 clicks)
    Explore the history of African-Americans in the United States. This site has articles, relevant links, photographs, primary text documents, chat, and a forum.
  • African American - Black History Facts(384 clicks)
  • African American Abolitionists(352 clicks)
  • African American Album, Vol. 2(225 clicks)
    "The Black Experience in Charlotte and Mecklenburg County Welcome to An African American Album, Vol. 2. This is your online photograph album of the lives of African Americans in Charlotte and in Mecklenburg County from the 1940s through the 1990s."
  • African American biographies(282 clicks)
  • African American Composers(323 clicks)
  • African American Diversity Cultural Center Hawaii(177 clicks)
    Establish a venue to bring the community together to share our culture and cultural values, in collaboration with businesses, to promote educational programs and hold community events.
  • African American Experience in Ohio, 1850-1920(232 clicks)
    This selection of manuscript and printed text and images drawn from the collections of the Ohio Historical Society illuminates the history of black Ohio from 1850 to 1920, a story of slavery and freedom, segregation and integration, religion and politics, migrations and restrictions, harmony and discord, and struggles and successes.
  • African American Firsts(280 clicks)
  • African American Heritage Preservation Foundation, Inc.(266 clicks)
    Guide to this rich resource
  • African American Museum in Philadelphia(313 clicks)
  • African American Odyssey(281 clicks)
    From the American Memory project of the Library of Congress
  • African American Perspectives(296 clicks)
    "The Daniel A. P. Murray Pamphlet Collection presents a panoramic and eclectic review of African-American history and culture, spanning almost one hundred years from the early nineteenth through the early twentieth centuries, with the bulk of the material published between 1875 and 1900. Among the authors represented are Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Benjamin W. Arnett, Alexander Crummel, and Emanuel Love."
  • African American Registry(314 clicks)
  • African American texts(229 clicks)
    From the University of Virginia Electronic Text Center. Lots of books online
  • African American World(241 clicks)
  • African Americans in Early American Military History(238 clicks)
    Short essay with links
  • African Canadian History(289 clicks)
  • African Genesis(218 clicks)
    This site offers contemporary and historic information concerning Black America and the African Diaspora. Including: African American History, Music, News & Comments, Business and Entrepreneurship.
  • African Missouri(222 clicks)
    Blacks have a rich and varied history in Missouri; as slaves, freedmen and freedwomen, settlers, teachers, soldiers, farmers... It is a history little known or appreciated--even by native African Missourians. This project is intended to provide access to some of our sad and wonderful history.
  • African-American History and Archeology(184 clicks)
    It is impossible to imagine our world without the contributions of African Americans. Be it language, art, technology, food, or music, African Americans have made a prodigious and immutable mark on American culture. The Southeast Archeological Center conducts projects that record and preserve the archeological and historical record of these contributions. The following is a sampling of these efforts.
  • African-American Lumbermen(311 clicks)
    The East Texas Research Center's photo collection contains over 11,000 cataloged photographs and slides, arranged according to subject.
  • African-American Migration Experience(288 clicks)
    For enhanced functionality download the free Flash plugin here: get flash The African-American Migration Experience New societies, new peoples, and new communities usually originate in acts of migration. Someone or ones decide to move from one place to another. They choose a new destination and sever their ties with their traditional community or society as they set out in search of new opportunities, new challenges, new lives, and new life worlds. Most societies in human history have a migration narrative in their stories of origin. All communities in American society trace their origins in the United States to one or more migration experiences. America, after all, is "a nation of immigrants." But until recently, people of African descent have not been counted as part of America's migratory tradition. The transatlantic slave trade has created an enduring image of black men and women as transported commodities, and is usually considered the most defining element in the construction of the African Diaspora, but it is centuries of additional movements that have given shape to the nation we know today. This is the story that has not been told. In Motion: The African-American Migration Experience presents a new interpretation of African-American history, one that focuses on the self-motivated activities of peoples of African descent to remake themselves and their worlds. Of the thirteen defining migrations that formed and transformed African America, only the transatlantic slave trade and the domestic slave trades were coerced, the eleven others were voluntary movements of resourceful and creative men and women, risk-takers in an exploitative and hostile environment.
  • African-American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship(266 clicks)
    This Special Presentation of the Library of Congress exhibition, The African-American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship, showcases the Library's incomparable African-American collections. The presentation was not only a highlight of what is on view in this major black history exhibition, but also a glimpse into the Library's vast African-American collections. Both include a wide array of important and rare books, government documents, manuscripts, maps, musical scores, plays, films, and recordings.
  • African-Americans in the U.S. Merchant Marine and U.S. Maritime Service(242 clicks)
  • African-Native American History and Genealogy(245 clicks)
    Oklahoma black Indians
  • Africans in America(334 clicks)
    The Africans in America Web site is a companion to Africans in America, a six-hour public television series. The Web site chronicles the history of racial slavery in the United States -- from the start of the Atlantic slave trade in the 16th century to the end of the American Civil War in 1865 -- and explores the central paradox that is at the heart of the American story: a democracy that declared all men equal but enslaved and oppressed one people to provide independence and prosperity to another.
  • Afro-American Almanac(280 clicks)
  • Afro-American Sources in Virginia: A Guide to Manuscripts(218 clicks)
    Searchable text
  • Al Benson—the Godfather of Black Radio in Chicago(263 clicks)
  • American Negro in the World War(243 clicks)
  • American Slavery: A Composite Biography(262 clicks)
  • An African American Album, the Black Experience in Charlotte and Mecklenburg County(191 clicks)
    "An African American Album, the Black Experience in Charlotte and Mecklenburg County was published by the Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County in 1992. The book, now out of print, is made up of photographs donated by community members. These compelling images reflect African-American Life in the years before 1950."
  • An African-American Bibilography: Education(235 clicks)
    An African-American Bibilography: Education (12445 total words in this text) (read: 887 times) January 1993, The University of the State of New York, The State Education Department, The New York State Library
  • An African-American Bibilography: History(189 clicks)
    January 1992. The University of the State of New York, The State Education Department, The New York State Library
  • An African-American Bibliography: Science, Medicine, and Allied Fields(222 clicks)
    Selected Sources from the Collections of the New York State Library January 1991.
  • An Archival Odyssey: The Search for Jackie Robinson(270 clicks)
    By John Vernon
  • Antislavery Literature(240 clicks)
  • Attitudes Towards Emancipation(267 clicks)
  • Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man(218 clicks)
    The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man [James Weldon Johnson]. Boston: Sherman, French & Company, 1912
  • Baseball's Negro Leagues(217 clicks)
  • Beacon Lights of the Race(554 clicks)
    1911 book
  • Been Here So Long(287 clicks)
    The Works Progress Administration funded the collection of American Slave Narratives during 1936-1938. The interviews reflect the times in which they were conducted.
  • Biographical sketch of Cyrus Bustill(251 clicks)
    Cryus Bustill was born in Burlington in 1732, the son of an English attorney and an African slave. After learning the baker's trade from Thomas Prior, a local baker and member of the Friends Meeting, Bustill gained his freedom at age 36. During the Revolutionary War, he was commended for supplying American troops with baked goods at the Burlington docks, and reportedly given a silver piece by General Washington.
  • Biographical Sketch of Oliver Cromwell, Revolutionary Soldier(284 clicks)
    Oliver Cromwell was born near Burlington in 1752. Raised a farmer, he served in several companies of the Second New Jersey Regiment between 1777 and 1783. After seeing action at the battles of Trenton and Princeton in 1776 and 1777, Brandywine in 1777, Monmouth in 1778 and Yorktown in 1781, he left the military at war's end. George Washington personally signed Cromwell's discharge papers, and also designed a medal which was awarded to Cromwell.
  • Birmingham Civil Rights Institute(321 clicks)
    Every journey begins with a first step. The Birmingham Civil Rights Institute takes its visitors on one of this nation's most significant journeys by capturing the spirit and courage of countless individuals who, during the 1950's and 1960's, dared to confront the bigotry and racial discrimination of American society.
  • Black Catholicism: Religion and Slavery in Antebeluum Louisiana(272 clicks)
    Lori Renee Pastor
  • Black History(202 clicks)
  • Black History & Classical Music(273 clicks)
    An introduction to classical composers and musicians of African descent. Includes a Black History Quiz.
  • Black History Articles(259 clicks)
    Articles from Atantic Monthly. Douglass, Washington, DuBois, King, Jr.
  • Black History on the Web(214 clicks)
  • Black History, Culture, and Literature: Curricula, Resources, and Articles(256 clicks)
    Black History, Culture, and Literature: Curricula, Resources, and Articles in Honor of African Americans, Fall 1993
  • Black Men in Navy Blue During the Civil War(209 clicks)
    By Joseph P. Reidy
  • - Understanding Our Past, Living Today, Creating Our Future(305 clicks)
    Research, activities, trivia, and publish your own stories on black history. From folk tales to little known facts, is a key resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in little known facts about black history around the world.
  • Blacklash?(232 clicks)
    All prejudices are not equal. But that doesn't mean there's no comparison between the predicaments of gays and blacks. By Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
  • Booker T. Washington Papers(246 clicks)
  • Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery(279 clicks)
    Full text of his autobiography
  • Boston African Americana Project(206 clicks)
  • Buffalo Soldiers(262 clicks)
  • Captive Passage(225 clicks)
  • Chair in Black Studies, Nova Scotia(204 clicks)
  • Chevalier de Saint-Georges (1739-1799)(222 clicks)
    African American Composer, Violinist and Conductor
  • Chronicling Black Lives in Colonial New England(210 clicks)
  • Chronology on the History of Slavery and Racism(242 clicks)
    Compiled from Archive, library and Internet source documentation, this timeline on Slavery and in part the History of Racism, has been used to guide the direction of independent research into the history of enslaved Americans of African descent at historic sites located at the National Zoo, in Washington, DC. Hopefully, this compilation of American history will help others who undertake similar tasks.
  • Coleman Young(221 clicks)
    Portal for sites on the late Detroit mayor
  • Combat Multipliers; African-American Soldiers in Four Wars(256 clicks)
    by Krewasky A. Salter
  • Composers of African Descent(233 clicks)
    Order music
  • Congressional Black Caucus Members(267 clicks)
  • Congressional Black Caucus, 103rd Congress 1993 - 1994(240 clicks)
  • David Brion Davis, The Problem of Slavery(211 clicks)
    Introduction to Oxford Press' An Historical Guide to World Slavery, ed. Drescher and Engerman. Davis is one of the foremost scholars studying slavery.
  • Deaths at the West Virginia Colored Tuberculosis Sanitarium at Denmar(253 clicks)
    From West Virginia History, a scholarly journal.
  • Discovering African-American History in Rural Ohio(215 clicks)
    Knox County, Ohio has been home to Black residents from the earliest days of settlement of the region by non-indigenous persons. As a consequence of their small numbers, the history of Black folks of the area was largely over-looked, if not outright ignored, by the mainstream press, academicians, and local historians. Although living and working closely with their White neighbors, the Black community, forced by custom and convention and inspired by other "colored" people living in communities both large and small, built parallel, albeit segregated, institutions to meet their social, economic, and spiritual needs. The establishment of these archives was intended to open a window into the fascinating world of African American life and experience in rural Ohio as well as advance the reclamation of the proud histories of the invisible people who occupied "the community within."
  • Documenting Our Past: The Teenie Harris Archive(247 clicks)
    "Teenie Harris' photographs are unsurpassed in the range of subjects they portray and for their ability to evoke the spirit of an era and to display the humanity of a people. Harris' 40-year career with the Pittsburgh Courier, one of the largest and most influential Black newspapers in the country, began as the nation emerged from the Depression and ended with the Civil Rights Movement. Numbering upwards of 80,000 images, this archive represents the largest single collection of photographic images of any Black community in the United States—or the world, for that matter."
  • Documenting the African-American Experience at the University of Mississippi(229 clicks)
    African-American Studies Program
  • Douglass, Frederick, Papers(268 clicks)
    Library of Congress
  • Douglass, Frederick. "My Escape from Slavery."(209 clicks)
    The Century Illustrated Magazine 23, n.s. 1 (Nov. 1881): 125-131.
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.(206 clicks)
    Stories and photos from the Seattle Times.
  • Echo and Narcissus: The Afrocentrism of W. E. B. DuBois(215 clicks)
    by Richard Cullen Rath
  • Edmond Dede (1827-1903): African American Composer, Violinist & Conductor(213 clicks)
    Edmond Dede (1827-1903) was an African American classical composer and violinist of the Creole Romantic school. Racism in his native New Orleans forced him to flee to France. There he attended the Paris Conservatory of Music, and conducted an orchestra in exile for 27 years.
  • Excerpts from Slave Narratives(329 clicks)
    Edited by Steven Mintz, University of Houston
  • Fleming, Reflections on Black History(199 clicks)
    Thomas C. Fleming's writings. He was a Sun-Reporter [San Francisco] writer
  • Florence Beatrice Price (1887-1953): African American Composer, Arranger & Teacher(239 clicks)
    Florence Beatrice Price (1887-1953) was the first African American woman to achieve prominence as a composer of classical music. Her Symphony in E Minor won the Wanamaker Competition in 1932 and was premiered by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Price produced over 300 works.
  • Forever Free(225 clicks)
    The inspiring story of the 52 African-American men who served Texas as elected officials during the Reconstruction era.
  • Fountain Hughes, Former Slave(160 clicks)
    An interview with Fountain Hughes, a 101 year-old former slave, from the spoken-word collection at the American Folklife Center of the Library of Congress.
  • Frank Mann Story(234 clicks)
    The Black engineer behind Howard Hughes
  • Frederick Douglass Papers(182 clicks)
    at the Library of Congress
  • Frederick Douglass, Abolitionist/Editor(277 clicks)
    A biography of the life of Frederick Douglass by Sandra Thomas
  • Freedmen and Southern Society Project(194 clicks)
    Drawing upon the rich resources of the National Archives of the United States, the project's editors pored over millions of documents, selecting some 50,000. They are presently transcribing, organizing, and annotating them to explain how black people traversed the bloody ground from slavery to freedom between the beginning of the Civil War in 1861 and the beginning of Radical Reconstruction in 1867. The documents vividly speak for themselves, and interpretive essays by the editors provide historical context.
  • Freedmen's Bureau Records(201 clicks)
  • Freedom's Road is Long and Hard(189 clicks)
    Marquetta L. Goodwine
  • Friend of Man(255 clicks)
    " The Friend of Man at Cornell University Library The Friend of Man cover Friend of Man is one of the most significant and little studied newspapers documenting early anti-slavery and other reform movements. The periodical is of special significance because with the exception of religion, scholars know little about the resources of social movements in rural areas such as Central New York, where Friend of Man was published. Cornell is truly fortunate to have a close to complete set of Friend of Man , 281 issues, published from 1836 - 1842."
  • From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection, 1822-1909(206 clicks)
    396 pamphlets from the Rare Book and Special Collections Division, published from 1822 through 1909, by African-American authors and others who wrote about slavery, African colonization, Emancipation, Reconstruction, and related topics. The materials range from personal accounts and public orations to organizational reports and legislative speeches. Among the authors represented are Frederick Douglass, Kelly Miller, Charles Sumner, Mary Church Terrell, and Booker T. Washington.
  • George Washington Carver(221 clicks)
    A savior of the South
  • George Washington Carver, The Legacy of(210 clicks)
    "During the 1998-1999 academic year, Iowa State University celebrated the legacy of its first African American student and faculty member, George Washington Carver. Renowned for developing innovative uses for a variety of agricultural crops such as peanuts, soybeans and sweet potatoes, Carver's legacy at Iowa State is even more than academic achievement. He was an accomplished musician, artist, orator, athletic trainer and student leader. Iowa State's land-grant heritage provided a rich environment where he could take root and blossom. It is an environment that remains rich in academic, cultural, artistic and athletic opportunities."
  • Golden Fourteen, Plus(219 clicks)
    Among the better known “firsts” in Afro-American military/naval history is the commissioning of the first group of Black Navy line officers during the Second World War. Although the episode in 1944 was a classic example of governmental tokenism, the men have been feted in recent years and become popularly known as the “Golden Thirteen”. Meanwhile, there existed another group of Black naval pioneers whose remarkable place in our history has remained all but forgotten. It has been difficult to determine their precise number, but they justly deserve to be heralded as “golden” in their own right. The “sailors” in question were the Black women of an earlier generation who served as enlisted “Yeomenettes” or, more correctly, “Yeomen (Female)” during the First World War.
  • Great Day in Harlem(257 clicks)
    Wonderful site on Jazz history
  • Great Migration of African-Americans(191 clicks)
    Kenyon College student project
  • Guide to African American Sources in North Carolina(217 clicks)
    This guide is a product of the North Carolina African American Archives Group, under the Direction of: Dean Benjamin F. Speller Jr.
  • Gullah Excursion 1993: Ancestral Breaths of Life(179 clicks)
    By Marquetta L. Goodwine.
  • Gullah/Geechee Sea Island Coalition(190 clicks)
  • H-Afro-Am(181 clicks)
    "The main mission of H-Afro-Am is to provide an exchange of information for professionals, faculty and advanced students, in the field of African American Studies (also called Afrocentricity, Africology, Africana Studies, Afro-American Studies, Black Studies, and Pan-African Studies)."
  • Harlem: 1900-1940(171 clicks)
    Detsils the history of this African American community. Includes resources for teachers.
  • Harlem: Mecca of the New Negro(273 clicks)
  • Henceforth Free: The Emancipation Proclamation(298 clicks)
  • History of Jim Crow(232 clicks)
  • I Have A Dream(245 clicks)
    by Martin Luther King Jr [Delivered on the steps at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. on August 28, 1963]
  • I Was a Negro in the South for 30 Days(201 clicks)
    Fifty years ago, Ray Sprigle of the Post-Gazette posed as a black man to experience firsthand what life was like for 10 million people living under the system of legal segregation known as Jim Crow.
  • Images of African Americans from the 19th Century(206 clicks)
    The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture of The New York Public Library is pleased to offer this selection of images of 19th-century African Americans.
  • Index to Slave Narratives(241 clicks)
  • Inventory of African American Historical, and Cultural Resources Maryland(202 clicks)
  • Ira Berlin on the history of slavery(188 clicks)
  • Jim Crow Museum at Ferris State University(300 clicks)
  • Jim Crow, History of(243 clicks)
    PBS series
  • John Henry: The Steel-Driving Man(296 clicks)
  • Lamin Sanneh, Abolitionists Abroad: American Blacks and the Making of Modern West Africa(169 clicks)
    "The bibliography that follows is based on my book, Abolitionists Abroad: American Blacks and the Making of Modern West Africa, to be published by Harvard University Press, 1999. For reasons of economy, this bibliography now appears separately. Integrated with it are materials I obtained in missionary and government archives, from field trips, and primary sources, as well as extensive interviews and discussions with people in Africa, Europe, the U.S., the Caribbean and the Pacific."
  • Last Slave Ships(187 clicks)
  • Lest We Forget(255 clicks)
    "Our agenda is simple. The contributors and I offer you the history, culture, preservation efforts, and current events of African-Americans, other ethnic, non-ethnic groups and individuals. We focus on and emphasize their sacrifices, relationships, interactions, patriotism as well as their contributions to the growth and development of this great nation. Let us never forget them."
  • Levi Jordan Plantation(217 clicks)
    The plantation was built in 1848 by Levi Jordan, his family, and the people who worked for them as slaves and, later, as tenant farmers and sharecroppers. This web site attempts to discuss the lives of ALL of these people, and covers a period from 1848 until about 1888-1890.
  • Lift Every Voice and Sing (1900) by James Weldon Johnson(248 clicks)
    Originally written by Johnson for a presentation in celebration of the birthday of Abraham Lincoln. This was originally performed in Jacksonville, Florida, by children. The popular title for this work is: THE NEGRO NATIONAL ANTHEM
  • Living with the Hydra(214 clicks)
    The Documentation of Slavery and the Slave Trade in Federal Records By Walter B. Hill, Jr. Two-part article.
  • Lynchings in America(272 clicks)
  • Madame C. J. Walker(312 clicks)
    1867-1919. Entrepreneur, Philanthropist, Social Activist
  • Malcolm X; A Search for Truth(208 clicks)
    New York Public Library
  • Manuscript Collections Relating to Slavery(178 clicks)
    The library of the New-York Historical Society holds among its many resources a substantial collection of manuscript materials documenting American slavery and the slave trade in the Atlantic world. The fourteen collections on this web site are among the most important of these manuscript collections. They consist of diaries, account books, letter books, ships’ logs, indentures, bills of sale, personal papers, and records of institutions. Some of the highlights of these collections include the records of the New York Manumission Society and the African Free School, the diaries and correspondence of English abolitionists Granville Sharp and John Clarkson, the papers of the Boston anti-slavery activist Lysander Spooner, the records of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, the draft of Charles Sumner’s famous speech The Anti-Slavery Enterprise, and an account book kept by the slave trading firm Bolton, Dickens & Co.
  • Marcus Garvey Library(189 clicks)
    Providing research awareness about work and philosophy of Dr Marcus Mosiah Garvey with special reference to history of medicine as applied to; black hospital movement, malaria, public health, HIV, universal african black cross nurses,surgery...a special link has been added on Ethiopia to contribute knowledge regarding the antiquity of the culture and indigenous medical practice.
  • Mark E.Mitchell Collection of African American History(168 clicks)
    The Mark E. Mitchell Collection of African American History is an unprecedented compilation of over 5,000 original historic manuscripts, documents, newspapers, books, photographs and artifacts, dating from the early 1600s through the present day -- referred to by some as a "National Treasure". The Collection vividly “brings to life” the African American experience from its origins in the great empires of Western Africa, through the terrible Slave Trade and Middle Passage, Slavery and Emancipation in America, Reconstruction, the Harlem Renaissance, the Civil Rights movement, and contemporary America.
  • Marooned: Africans in the Americas 1500 - 1750(290 clicks)
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. and Black History Month(248 clicks)
    Selected Reference Sources from Louisiana State University Libraries, Baton Rouge, LA
  • Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter From a Birmingham Jail(311 clicks)
    The classic letter of 1963.
  • Memories of Childhood's Slavery Days(237 clicks)
    Memoir wriiten by a woman in 1858 or so
  • Memphis: We Remember(196 clicks)
    Articles about the 1968 Memphis sanitation workers' strike, full text of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech, and links to other African American labor history sites.
  • Message from the Wilderness of North America:Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam, c. 1960(255 clicks)
    Claude A. Clegg, III. " Editors' Note: This radio talk by Elijah Muhammad (1897-1975), the subject of the following essay, was aired in the New York City area on radio station WNTA on November 23, 1960. The recording of the broadcast comes from the New York State Archives, New York State Police Non-Criminal Investigations Files. The original reel-to-reel tape on which the address was recorded was physically restored and copied onto cassette audiotape. The analog recording was converted to digital RealAudio file format."
  • Middle Passages Slave Ship Database(245 clicks)
    American, Spanish, and Portuguese ships
  • Murder of Emmett Till(233 clicks)
  • Museum of African American History, Boston(210 clicks)
    The Museum of Afro American History (MAAH) is a not-for-profit history institution dedicated to preserving, conserving and accurately interpreting the contributions of African Americans during the colonial period in New England.
  • Negroes With Guns(211 clicks)
    Rob Williams
  • New Negro, The(275 clicks)
  • North American Slave Narratives(234 clicks)
    "North American Slave Narratives, Beginnings to 1920" documents the individual and collective story of the African American struggle for freedom and human rights in the eighteenth, nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. When completed, it will include all the narratives of fugitive and former slaves published in broadsides, pamphlets, or book form in English up to 1920 and many of the biographies of fugitive and former slaves published in English before 1920. The Editor of this series, William L. Andrews, E. Maynard Adams Professor of English and Chair of the English Department at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, selects the texts for this project, while the Editorial Board for Documenting the American South guides its development. The texts come from the Academic Affairs Library of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Duke University, North Carolina Central University, and from other repositories around the country. The project is funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities with additional support from the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation.
  • North American Slave Narratives(261 clicks)
    "North American Slave Narratives" collects books and articles that document the individual and collective story of African Americans struggling for freedom and human rights in the eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries. This collection includes all the existing autobiographical narratives of fugitive and former slaves published as broadsides, pamphlets, or books in English up to 1920. Also included are many of the biographies of fugitive and former slaves and some significant fictionalized slave narratives published in English before 1920.
  • Observations on the slaves and the indented servants, inlisted in the army, and in the navy of the U(229 clicks)
  • Old Salem North Carolina(410 clicks)
    Welcome also to Old Salem® Online, the official website for Old Salem (an outdoor living history town with restored historic buildings for touring, on the original site of Salem, founded 1766), the Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts (MESDA), The Gallery at Old Salem, and The Children's Museum at Old Salem, all in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
  • On Borrowed Ground: Free African-American life in Charleston, South Carolina 1810-61(160 clicks)
    Jason Poole essay done at the University of Virginia
  • Oral History: Louisville, KY(176 clicks)
    The Oral History Center at the University of Louisville has long sought to aid in the documentation of the history of Louisville's African American community. This effort was bolstered in the 1970s by funding from the Kentucky Oral History Commission, which supported a number of the interviews included in this first online offering. The African American Oral History Collection includes interviews conducted as part of projects designed to document particular aspects of Louisville's history and/or important local institutions, such as the Red Cross (Community) Hospital and the Louisville Municipal College, as well as projects that sought to document African American life more generally. Most of the interviews were conducted in the late 1970s.
  • Oscar Micheaux, first filmmaker(261 clicks)
  • Patriotism Crosses the Color Line: African Americans in World War II(188 clicks)
    "lthough African Americans have been the victims of racial oppression throughout the history of the United States, they have always supported the nation, especially during wartime."
  • Paul Dunbar(263 clicks)
    "Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906), the child of slaves, was the first African-American writer to achieve widespread recognition for his literature and poetry. Known in his day chiefly for his dialect poetry, Dunbar wrote in a variety of styles and originated several new modes that would be pursued by African-American writers in the next generation."
  • Paul Robeson on the Web(213 clicks)
    The controversial lawyer, actor, and activist
  • Persistence of the Spirit(202 clicks)
    Persistence of the Spirit is an interpretive study of the people and events that contributed to the black experience in Arkansas. Developed in 1986-87 by a team of humanities scholars supported by grants, the project included a permanent exhibit at the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, traveling exhibits, booklets, classroom guides, and a 30-minute video documentary.
  • Peter Bestes Letter, Boston, April 20th, 1773(245 clicks)
    Letter from a slave on behalf of other slaves, desiring to be transported to Africa.
  • Pictures of African Americans During World War II(408 clicks)
    National Archives
  • Plum Thickets and Field Daisies(214 clicks)
    "Rose Leary Love's memoir of life in the lost Charlotte neighborhood of Brooklyn during the early twentieth century. Brooklyn, a city within a city, was lost to urban renewal soon after Love's death in 1969."
  • Postcards From The Past(217 clicks)
    Northeast Florida
  • Powerful Days in Black and White(210 clicks)
    Charles Moore's photos of the civil rights struggle
  • Pullman Porter Museum(186 clicks)
    A. Philip Randolph Pullman Porter Museum
  • Re Author(227 clicks)
    Afrivan Americans
  • real African American Heroes (197 clicks)
  • Records of the 105th. U.S. Colored Troops(230 clicks)
    Civil War. "The following records of the 105th US Colored Troops are from the remaining Civil War files of Lt. Col. Rue Pugh Hutchins (Brevet Brigadier General), as transcribed by his great grandson, A. Donald Kelmers, of Louisville, Kentucky, on March 12-13, 1996. To the extent possible, the typed transcript follows the format, abbreviations, etc., of the original documents. Because the original documents are handwritten, in a few instances it was necessary to take a best guess at a word, based on the context of the sentence, or at a name."
  • Remembering Slavery(241 clicks)
    Those Who Survived Tell Their Stories
  • Research Note on the Atlantic Slave Trade Database Project(160 clicks)
    This note comes courtesy of the following two IEAHCNET subscribers--JS: Stephen D. Behrendt, Drake University,; David Eltis, Queen's University,
  • Resistance to Slavery, the Anti-Slavery Movement, and Abolition(171 clicks)
  • Revealing African American Lives(162 clicks)
    "Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Alphonse Fletcher University Professor and Director of the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute of African American History at Harvard University, speaks about the development of the African American National Biography, the largest African American biographical collection ever published, spanning more than four centuries, with 4,100 entries in eight volumes. The series presents African American history as told through the lives of its most notable historic actors, documenting and dramatizing the central role played by African Americans in our nation’s history, from the sixteenth through the twentieth centuries."
  • Review of Born in Slavery(207 clicks)
    Claus K. Meyer says: "Born in Slavery" provides unrestricted access to a large body of essential sources for the study of slavery. The accompanying essay by Norman Yetman provides a well-structured, balanced, and readable introduction to the collection. As might be expected from a resource produced by the Library of Congress, the site meets the highest technical standards of electronic editorship. It is easy to use and fast. Thus "Born in Slavery" is an achievement that exemplifies the potential of the Internet for the publication for historical sources. "
  • Rhoda L. Martin Cultural Heritage Center(173 clicks)
    Here you will find all of the historical background and fascinating information about Mother Rhoda L. Martin, the founder of the Jacksonville Beach [Florida] Colored School now housed within the walls of the center.
  • Robert Nathaniel Dett (1882-1943): African American Composer, Pianist & Professor(201 clicks)
    Robert Nathaniel Dett (1882-1943) was an African American classical composer, pianist and professor of choral music. He was born in Canada and moved to the U.S. as a child. Dett founded choirs at Hampton Institute which won international acclaim.
  • Rosa Parks(225 clicks)
    The Rosa Parks Portal is intended to be the web resource directory for all Rosa Parks sites online.
  • Say It Plain(267 clicks)
    A century of great African American speeches
  • Seacoast New Hampshire Black History(251 clicks)
    New Hampshire's black history begins in Portsmouth in 1645. But there are important stories to tell from across the Seacoast. Our goal is to tell those stories.
  • Seneca Village Web Site(228 clicks)
    "Seneca Village existed from 1825 through 1857. It was located between 82nd and 89th Streets and Seventh and Eighth Avenues. Today, this area is part of Central Park. Seneca Village was Manhattan's first significant community of African American property owners. By the 1840s, it had become a multi-ethnic community African Americans, Irish, and German immigrants, and perhaps a few Native Americans. In 1855, the New York State Census reported approximately 264 individuals living in the village. There were three churches, as well as a school and several cemeteries. Within two years, Seneca Village would be razed and its identity erased by the creation of Central Park."
  • Shadows in the Range of Light(210 clicks)
    "Nearly 400 African-Americans traveled from the Presidio in San Francisco to Yosemite at the turn of the last century. Only one image and a handful of documents recorded their existence."
  • Short Bibliography on Voodoo(169 clicks)
    Useful on Voodoo.
  • Slavery and the Early American Economy(161 clicks)
    In this lecture Edward Ayers, President, University of Richmond, tackles myths about slavery and describes how it grew into an American -- not just Southern -- institution. He discusses slavery's integral role in driving the global economy in the early 1800s.
  • Slavery in America(229 clicks)
    Slavery in America: Historical Overview By Ronald L. F. Davis, Ph. D. California State University, Northridge
  • Slavery in Massachusetts(165 clicks)
    by Henry David Thoreau. 1854
  • Slavery in the North(234 clicks)
    "African slavery is so much the outstanding feature of the South, in the unthinking view of it, that people often forget there had been slaves in all the old colonies."
  • Slavery v. Peonage(387 clicks)
  • Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860(228 clicks)
    Michelle Thick says: " Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860, is part of the American Memory collection of the Library of Congress. It contains 105 documents that cover an assortment of trials and cases both from the United States and Great Britain and include some featuring prominent figures such as John Quincy Adams. The collection covers a wide aspect of the world of slavery and includes documents that contain the views of both slaveholders and the slaves themselves as well as abolitionists, politicians, and members of the justice system."
  • Slaves' Stories(275 clicks)
    The year is 1780. In this year European traders will take thousands of Africans into slavery. This website follows four of those people. On the next screen you will meet them on board a transatlantic slave ship.
  • Small Towns, Black Lives in New Jersey(242 clicks)
  • Stamp on Black History(196 clicks)
  • Still Cookin' by the Fireside: African Americans in Food Service(190 clicks)
    "Historically, African Americans have used occupations in food service, such as prepared-food vendor, waiter and cook, to help in building an economic base for themselves, their families, and their communities. These activities have long provided a financial foundation and served as a source of economic empowerment--however limited--in times when the range of occupations was strictly limited for African American men and women."
  • The African Diaspora: Latin America(199 clicks)
    University of Texas guide. By topics and by country
  • The African-American Mosaic(250 clicks)
    A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture
  • The Atlantic Mind: Zephaniah Kingsley, Slavery,and the Politics of Race in the Atlantic World(276 clicks)
    by Mark J. Fleszar
  • The Black Experience in America(226 clicks)
    Norman Coombs' book: "This volume depicts the immigrants from Africa as one among the many elements which created present-day America. On the one hand, they differ from the other minorities because they came involuntarily, suffered the cruelties of slavery, and were of another color. All of this made their experience unique. On the other hand, they shared much in common with the other minorities, many of whom also felt like aliens in their new land. "
  • The Bondwoman?s Narrative Educational Companion(198 clicks)
    "Here you can learn more about the world of Hannah Crafts through her manuscript, a gallery of 19th century images, original essays by leading scholars, and other material."
  • The Buffalo Soldiers(244 clicks)
    African American soldiers in the West after the Civil War
  • The Face of Slavery & Other Images of African Americans(246 clicks)
    "What we call "history" is born from a collage of glimpses and images, insights and documents. And while this Gallery does not presume to tell the comprehensive story of early photography and African Americans, it does offer tantalizing glimpses into the past. During the half-century covered by these photographs, African Americans fought slavery, withstood brutal racial hatred, and struggled to escape from poverty. Sometimes the camera was their ally... sometimes it was an instrument of prejudice... but often it was an observer, recording the images that we recognize today as the raw material of history."
  • The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences(234 clicks)
    Profiles of African American scientists and engineers
  • The First Waco Horror: the Lynching of Jesse Washington and the Rise of the NAACP(267 clicks)
    Excerpts from a book
  • The Freedmans Bureau Online(256 clicks)
    The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, often referred to as the Freedmen's Bureau, was established in the War Department by an act of March 3, 1865. The Bureau supervised all relief and educational activities relating to refugees and freedmen, including issuing rations, clothing and medicine. The Bureau also assumed custody of confiscated lands or property in the former Confederate States, border states, District of Columbia, and Indian Territory. The bureau records were created or maintained by bureau headquarters, the assistant commissioners and the state superintendents of education and included personnel records and a variety of standard reports concerning bureau programs and conditions in the states.
  • The Freedmen’s Bureau Project(259 clicks)
  • The Internet African American History Challenge(191 clicks)
    "The Internet African American History Challenge© is an interactive quiz that helps you sharpen your knowledge of African American History. It's an "open book" test. So if you're not sure of an answer, you can check our reference material for help. Level I is the easiest and has 7 questions while levels II & III have 10 questions each and are a bit more challenging. "
  • The King Institute(243 clicks)
    The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute
  • The Matthew Gaines Memorial Homepage(165 clicks)
    Former slave, community leader, minister, Republican State Senator and courageous leader in the 12th Legislature, which established free public education in the State of Texas and enabled the founding of Texas A&M University (S.B. 276 - April 4, 1871)
  • The Museum of African Slavery(195 clicks)
  • The Negro as an American(187 clicks)
    The Negro as an American (3959 total words in this text) (read: 3134 times) ROBERT C. WEAVER JUNE 13 1963 [Robert C Weaver was the first black cabinet member, Johnson's Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.]
  • The Papers of W.E.B. DuBois(175 clicks)
    Influential sociologist and political commentator.
  • The Revolution's Black Soldiers(260 clicks)
    Article by by Robert A. Selig on the American Revolution
  • The Riddles of "Confederate Emancipation"(286 clicks)
    by Bruce Levine. History Now
  • The Salt Eaters(190 clicks)
    Story set in a small Southern town
  • The Scottsboro Boys(170 clicks)
    The Scottsboro Boys (the young men were named after the Alabama town where they were tried for the first time) ranged in age from 13 to 21.
  • The Slave Consultant's Narrative: The life of an Urban Myth?(180 clicks)
    In late 1993, I [Anne Taylor] added a (now infamous) article to the Library's gopher because I found it interesting. Over the past year, I have been contacted many times about its origin and authenticity. I can prove neither, but it remains on the gopher and now on the Web because it has struck a nerve in many African Americans, sparked debate between us, has been used in a major national event, and seems to be sparking a new word phrase.
  • The Underground Railroad(217 clicks)
    from the National Geographic.
  • The Underground Railroad from National Geographic(281 clicks)
    High quality site with images you expect from the magazine
  • The Virginia Runaways Project(238 clicks)
    " The Virginia Runaways Project is a digital database of runaway and captured slave and servant advertisements from 18th-century Virginia newspapers. When a slave or servant ran away, masters often placed remarkably detailed advertisements for their return. Sheriffs and other county officials also often advertised the capture of runaways or suspected runaways. This project offers full transcripts and images of all runaway and captured ads for slaves, servants, and deserters placed in Virginia newspapers from 1736 to 1790."
  • The Wheels of War(294 clicks)
    "In 1897 a unit of black infantrymen set out on a grueling expedition to demonstrate a unique means of military transport--the bicycle."
  • Third Person, First Person(240 clicks)
    Slave Voices From The Special Collections Library, Broadside Collection, Special Collections Library, Duke University
  • Third Person, First Person(267 clicks)
    Slave Voices From The Special Collections Library, Broadside Collection, Duke University
  • This is Our War(262 clicks)
    The Afro-American and its correspondents in WWII.
  • To Conserve a Legacy(239 clicks)
    American Art from Historically Black Colleges and Universities
  • UCLA African American Studies(261 clicks)
    UCLS's program in African American Studies
  • Underground Railroad(237 clicks)
    In 1990, Congress authorized the National Park Service to conduct a study of the Underground Railroad, its routes and operations in order to preserve and interpret this aspect of United States history. This study includes a general overview of the Underground Railroad, with a brief discussion of slavery and abolitionism, escape routes used by slaves, and alternatives for commemoration and interpretation of the significance of the phenomenon.
  • United States Colored Troops in the Civil War(346 clicks)
  • United States Ex-Slave Owners Registration Bureau(245 clicks)
  • University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee African American History(248 clicks)
    Guide to the collections of the university
  • Videos on African American perspectives and African cinema(234 clicks)
    Videos on African American perspectives and African cinema
  • Virginia Black History Archives(214 clicks)
  • Virginia Runaways(243 clicks)
    The Geography of Slavery in Virginia offers a new search interface and updated supporting materials for ads, 1736-1777. You can now search the ads by gender, age, skill, and intent, among other things.
  • Visualizing Emancipstion(273 clicks)
    Visualizing Emancipation is a map of slavery’s end during the American Civil War. It finds patterns in the collapse of southern slavery, mapping the interactions between federal policies, armies in the field, and the actions of enslaved men and women on countless farms and city blocks. It encourages scholars, students, and the public to examine the wartime end of slavery in place, allowing a rigorously geographic perspective on emancipation in the United States.
  • Voices From the Days of Slavery(218 clicks)
  • Voices of the Civil Rights Era(180 clicks)
    Audio of speeches by JFK, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcolm X
  • Voyages: the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database(182 clicks)
    New excellent resource
  • W.E.B. Du Bois Virtual University(158 clicks)
    Bibliography, Biography, Conferences, and more
  • Walk-A-Heaps: Black Infantrymen in the West(216 clicks)
    ".) Indeed, given their fine record, it seems that the black walk-a-heaps more than deserved to share this name with black cavalrymen as these "common" soldiers helped change the face of the West in the late 1800s."
  • West Ford - African American Son of George Washington(215 clicks)
    This website is dedicated to West Ford - George Washington's African American Son. It provides relevant information on West Ford. The site receives 500-1,000 hits per month from universities, media, libraries, and genealogists searching for this missing piece of American history.
  • What the Southern Negro is Doing for Himself(216 clicks)
    Samuel J. Barrows in the Atlantic Monthly, 1891
  • Why Civil Liberties Pose No Threat to Civil Rights: Let Them Talk(176 clicks)
    By Henry Louis Gates Jr.
  • William Grant Still (1895-1978): African American Composer & Arranger(214 clicks)
    William Grant Still (1895-1978) was born in Woodville, Mississippi. He was an African American composer whose 150 classical works were influenced by the blues and jazz. His Afro-American Symphony brought him recognition in 1931.
  • William W. Brown(294 clicks)
    "After his 1834 escape to freedom, fugitive slave William Wells Brown used his literary talents for the abolitionist cause and to record the history of America's blacks."