Title Page || 1: Introduction
Editor's Preface by
This Diary of the late Maj. Gen. Harry Hill Bandholtz was not written for publication.
However, when I happened to see it, I recognized its importance as a historical document
of the World War period and was happy to secure from the widow of General Bandholtz, Mrs.
Inez Clair Bandholtz, permission to make the contents of the Diary available to students
of history and diplomacy. I believe that the Diary is a monument to an upright,
fair-minded and humane American, who has represented the best type of his countrymen in an
unfortunate land. The attitude and activity of General Bandholtz in Hungary may, mutatis
mutandis, be compared to that of Gen. H. T. Allen in Germany.
I wish to express my appreciation to Mrs. Inez Clair Bandholtz, whose support in
editing this Diary was valuable to me. Special credit is due to Miss Georgia Read, of the
Columbia University Press, for many helpful suggestions and for her fine cooperation in
the editing of this book.
Frederick Konrad Krüger was born in Kottbus (or Cottbus), Germany, on June 27, 1887.
His parents were Fritz-Johann K. and Elizabeth Zippel. He studied at the University of
Berlin, then immigrated to the United States in 1907. Graduated at the University of
Nebraska in the same year. He obtained his doctorate at the University of Tübingen in
1909. He attended graduate school at Columbia University in 1911. In 1913 he married
Gertrude M. Jaeggi, they had two children. He became a naturalized citizen of the U. S. in
He was a fellow and lecturer at the University of California in 1912 -14, professor of
political science at Midland College, Fremont, Nebraska; University of Omaha, Nebraska,
1919 - 23; Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio, from 1923. Guest professor at the
University of Göttingen, 1927-28; University of Berlin, 1934 -35. He was the author of The
Government and Politics of the German Empire, and contributed articles on the German
government to the Encyclopedia Americana.